Beasts and b-

Ian Hutchesson mc2499 at
Sun Dec 22 14:16:47 EST 2002

How do people see the difference between xy and bhmh 
(chey and behemah)? Is it simply that of beast of 
burden as against wild beast?

How does one deal with behemot?

Is a horse a bhmh?

Is an elephant a bhmh?

In Dan 7:7 the Seleucid elephant is called in Aramaic 
xyw'. Is this perhaps because of the context of other 
wild animals, the lion, the panther and the leopard?


In the Habakkuk Pesher we find the Kittim mentioned 

  hkty'ym '$r ydw$w 't h'rc bswsyhm wbbhmtm

("the Kittim who trample the earth with their horses 
and their beasts" -- trad. Martinez)

Should the b- in the above really be translated "with"? 
How can you choose between locative and instrument in 
this case? In Anglo-Saxon these cases coalesced because 
of the difficulty ("on horse" or "by horse"?), so do we 
remain with an ambiguity here?

Or should "on their horses" be `l-swsyhm ?



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