High priest list in 1Chr 9 & Neh 11

Liz Fried lizfried at umich.edu
Mon Feb 26 20:11:29 EST 2001


Dear Ian,
Sara Japheth goes through all of this in excruciating detail
in her commentary on Chronicles.
I think it's reasonable to view Meshallum and Shallum as the same.
liz

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Ian Hutchesson [mailto:mc2499 at mclink.it]
> Sent: Monday, February 26, 2001 7:33 PM
> To: Biblical Hebrew
> Subject: High priest list in 1Chr 9 & Neh 11
>
>
>
> One of the things I'm battling with is the evolution of the high priestly
> lineage (and hence the request about the Seder Olam). Now I came across
> these two snippets both dealing with the situation in Jerusalem after the
> return from exile. These are representations of a part of the
> high priestly
> lineage. There are three things to note: 1) the intrusion of the name
> Meraioth between Ahitub and Zadok (it isn't in the other lists); 2)
> Meshullam in both (whereas others have Shallum); and 3) the difference
> between Azariah and Seraiah as the current referent of the two lists --
> Azariah is the son of Hilkiah according to other lists.
>
> 1Chr 9:11    Neh 11:11
>
> Azariah      Seraiah      (ben)
> Hilkiah      Hilkiah        "
> Meshullam    Meshullam      "
> Zadok        Zadok          "
> Meraioth     Meraioth       "
> Ahitub       Ahitub
>
> As I said, we are apparently at the beginning of the return period in both
> passages, so it is strange to find either Azariah or Seraiah described as
> the officer of the house of the Lord in that period. After all it was
> Seraiah who was the high priest who went into the exile. It would
> appear to
> me that Seraiah was original to the list and that the editor in
> this section
> of 1Chr has corrected Seraiah to Azariah, thus heightening the
> chronological
> problem for us (though he could have been working under different
> presuppositions at the time). There is a high priestly list in
> Josephus's AJ
> 10,8,6 which differs greatly from the others with the exception of the
> sequence Sallumus (Shallum and here Meshullam), Elcias (Hilkiah),
> and Sareas

> (Seraiah), so there is support here for the Nehemiah tradition of Seraiah
> being the son of Hilkiah.
>
> It would appear to me that 1 Chr 9 and Neh 11 are two closely
> related forms
> of an earlier high priestly lineage from that found in 1 Chr 6, though
> perhaps the editor of 1 Chr 9 already had 1 Chr 6 when he reworked this
> fragment.
>
> 1Chr 6:12f   1Chr 9:11    Neh 11:11   AJ 10,8,6
>
> Seraiah                   Seraiah     Sareas
> Azariah      Azariah        -             -
> Hilkiah      Hilkiah      Hilkiah     Elcias
> Meshullam    Meshullam    Shallum     Sallumus
> Zadok        Zadok        Zadok         <.>
>    -         Meraioth     Meraioth      <.>
> Ahitub       Ahitub       Ahitub        <.>
>
> I'd be interested in any *non-apologetic* thoughts on the subject.
>
>
> Ian
>
>
>
> ---
> You are currently subscribed to b-hebrew as: [lizfried at umich.edu]
> To unsubscribe, forward this message to
> $subst('Email.Unsub')
> To subscribe, send an email to join-b-hebrew at franklin.oit.unc.edu.
>




More information about the b-hebrew mailing list