Gen 1:2

Numberup at Numberup at
Thu Aug 23 15:31:56 EDT 2001

Therefore, in his own translation , _The Five Books of Moses_ (Schocken, 
1995), Everett Fox translates Genesis 1:2 as "rushing-spirit of God 
hovering over the face of the waters."  His footnote reads: 
"Rushing-spirit: Others, 'wind.'  The Hebrew word ruah can mean bothe 
'spirit' and 'wind.'"

Again, I would think that an English expression such as "active force," 
in the context, would be fitting.  It might not comprise the totality of 
meaning inherent in "ruach," but what single English word does?

Solomon Landers

Bearpecs at wrote:

> From "People Today and the Jewish Bible:  From a Lecture Series"
> Martin Buber (November 1926)
> in:
> _Scripture and Translation_
> by Martin Buber and Franz Rosenzweig
> translated by Lawrence Rosenwald with Everett Fox
> Indian University Press, 1994
> pp. 15-16
> What, however, does ruah mean?  Opinion has been divided from the 
> beginning
> betyween "wind" -- whether a wind from G-d or a wind called "G-dwind" 
> on the
> basis of its force -- and "spirit" -- whether *the* spirit of G-d or *a*
> spirit of G-d.  Luther, keeping the quesiton always in motion, has first
> "wind" and then "spirit."  Both interpretations rest on the notion 
> that we
> have to choose between them.  But we do not.  The dynamic meaning of 
> ruah,
> which alone enables us to comprehend the passage -- a passage, by the 
> way,
> which even radical source critics have judged "very old" (Gunkel) and 
> "very
> ancient (Procksch) -- is the meaning of a "breathing," a "blowing," a
> "surging," a "rushing."  ...............................................

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