Peter Kirk Peter_Kirk at
Wed Aug 22 07:38:19 EDT 2001

The Latin evidence might be relevant to Greek. Latin names ending in long -o
add a final -n in Greek. Examples: Nero; Gallio in Acts 18:14 (Greek
GALLIWN). If Greek was already doing this to Latin names at the time when
LXX was translated, it would have come naturally to do the same to other
foreign names ending in -o.

Another example of a Hebrew name ending in -o acquiring a final -n in Greek
is Armageddon (Greek hARMAGEDWN, Rev 16:16) which is probably from Hebrew
HAR M:GID.OW . But this Hebrew name appears with a final N in Zec 12:11,
whereas the final -n is not apparently found in LXX.

Peter Kirk

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Henry Churchyard [mailto:churchh at]
> Sent: 21 August 2001 22:37
> To: Biblical Hebrew
> Subject: Re: Solomon
> In order for the name Shlomo to be "declined" in Greek (i.e. given
> separate Accusative, Dative, and Genitive case forms), then _something_
> had to be added onto the end of this word in the Nominative case, since
> it seems that only a rather small number of feminine nouns ended in
> word-final omega in the nominative singular form in Greek (while only an
> even smaller number of pronominally-inflected neuter forms of function
> words ended in word-final omicron in the nominative singular form).  But
> I have no idea why the consonant _n_ was added to the end of the name
> (as opposed to the consonant _s_, say, which would have fit in with the
> patterns of Greek morphology at least as well as _n_ did); if it were
> the Latin language that was in question, then this would be easy to
> explain, since Latin has a large number of words that end in -o in the
> nominative singular, but build other ("oblique") cases on a -on- stem
> (but this is not relevant to Greek).  By the way, from looking at an NT
> lexicon, it appears that sometimes the Greek oblique cases of the name
> could alternatively be built on a stem Solomont- (so that the
> inflectional patern of "Solomon" was then assimilated to that of active
> participles).
> --
> Henry Churchyard   churchh at
> ---
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