barre at barre at
Fri Sep 8 04:24:58 EDT 2000

What did 'el mean in 13th century northern Palestine?


---- Begin Original Message ----

From: "Bill Ross" <wross at>
Sent: Fri, 1 Sep 2000 14:53:17 -0500
To: Biblical Hebrew <b-hebrew at>
Subject: RE: Israel

>The first time "Israel" appears in the epigraphy is on the Merneptah 
dating to 12th century BCE.  It doesn't appear again until the 7th or 
century BCE but it refers to an incident that dates historically or
mythologically to
the bronze age.  It is probably safe to assumr that the name "Israel" 
on the
Merneptah stele does not refer to a country or defined nation but to a
people who "persevere" for their deity in spite of the hardships of a
nomadic existence.

What is the accepted dating of the book of Genesis?

Bill Ross

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---- End Original Message ----

L.M. Barre, Ph.D. 
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