Vowel Reduction and the Definite Article

Henry Churchyard churchh at usa.net
Sat Sep 2 20:06:43 EDT 2000


>>> From: Peter Kirk

>>> I would actually lean towards the phonological argument I mention
>>> there.  I suggest that the original was baaree'shiyt (absolute
>>> with article), with three long vowels.  The Samaritan
>>> pronunciation apparently supports this.  But the rather anomalous
>>> qamets two syllables before the stress (a position where it is
>>> usually replaced by a schwa) became shortened, in the Jewish
>>> pronunciation tradition of this obviously well known word, to a
>>> schwa.

>> From: "George Athas" <gathas at globalfreeway.com.au>

>> But is the definite article reducible.  I know that qamets is
>> reducible in propretonic position, but does this also encompass the
>> definite article when it has been lengthened to qamets?  Or, put
>> another way, do we reduce vowels first and then add the definite
>> article, or do we add the definite article and then reduce vowels?

> From: "Peter Kirk" <Peter_Kirk at sil.org>    

> Probably normally we reduce vowels first then add the definite
> article.  But when we do add a definite article and end up with a
> propretonic qamets (quite a rare situation), we end up with
> something which would have sounded rather oddly heavy to Hebrew
> ears, and it would not be surprising if reduction crept in here,
> especially in such a prominent position.  But I would value input
> from an expert on Hebrew phonology.  Henry, where are you?

Well, to have unreduced long _aa_ in an open syllable which is
separated by at least one unreduced syllable from the word's main
stress is somewhat infrequent within words without prefixed clitics --
but such unreduced _aa_ vowels are in fact extremely common when
clitics such as the definite article (or the waC- of wayyiqtol) occur
before a guttural consonant or _r_.

A reduction of b- + (h)aC- + reeshiit > b at reeshiit (where haC-, with
"C"=assimilating consonant, is the apparent underlying/reconstructed
phonological shape of the definite article) could not be done by
normal strictly-synchronic phonological processes; if such a thing
happened, it would have to be a sporadic irregular diachronic change.

I couldn't really say beforehand exactly how unusual such long _aa_
vowels in an open "propretonic" syllable really are in non-clitic
contexts, so I decided to do a search.

The list of cases I found is attached below.  Excluded are forms where
such _qames._ occurs only in a clitic prefix (definite article or
conjunction), forms of _qodashim_ and _shorashim_ etc. where the
_qames._ under the first root consonant is probably a _qames. qat.an_
(short o) rather than long aa, and finally w at qaataltaa/w at qaataltii
forms with shifted stress (where the _qames._ is in the syllable
directly preceding the unshifted stress position, and so is not really
"propretonic" in the relevant sense):

===========================================

Forms that I didn't notice to be proper names, or to have _qames._ in
certain highly specialized phonological/morphological environments:

2Ch12. 3             p:ArASi2ym 
2Sa 8. 4             p:ArASi3ym 
1Sa13. 5             p:ArASi3ym 
Eze23.12             p:ArASi3ym 
2Ch 9.25             p:ArASi2ym 
2Sa10.18             p:ArASi2ym 
Eze23. 6             p:ArASi3ym 
2Ch 1.14             p:ArASi2ym 
1Kg 5. 6             p:ArASi1ym; 
Isa31. 1            p:A8rASiym_4 
2Kg13. 7            p:A8rASiym_4 
Isa22. 6            p:A8rASi2ym 
Isa21. 7            p:A8rASi3ym 
Isa21. 9            p:A8rASi2ym 
1Ch18. 4            p:A8rASi3ym 
1Kg10.26            p:A8rASi2ym 
Eze26. 7          uwb.pArASi3ym 
Jos24. 6          uwb.pArASi3ym 
Hos 1. 7          uwb.pArASi1ym; 
Joe 2. 4          uwk.pArASi3ym 
Isa36. 9          uwl.pArASi1ym; 
2Ch16. 8          uwl.pArASi3ym 
2Kg18.24          uwl.pArASi1ym; 
Ezr 8.22            uwpArASi3ym 
1Ch19. 6            uwpArASi1ym; 
1Kg20.20            uwpArASi1ym; 
Eze38. 4            uwpArASi4ym 
Neh 2. 9            uwpArASi1ym; 
2Ch 8. 6           hap:ArASi2ym 
2Sa 1. 6           hap:ArASi3ym 
1Kg 9.19           hap:ArASi2ym 
Jer46. 4          hap:A6rASi3ym 
Exo14.28    w.'Et-hap:A6rASi3ym 
Isa22. 7        w.hap:A6rASi3ym 
Dan11.40         uwb.pA6rASi3ym 
Gen50. 9        g:am-p:ArASi2ym 
1Kg 1. 5           uwpA6rASi3ym 
2Kg22. 6           lEHA6rASi3ym 
Eze27.14           uwpA8rASiym_4 
Hab 1. 8            p:A8rASA2yw 
Exo14.23            uwpArASA2yw 
1Kg 9.22            uwpArASA1yw; 
2Kg13.14            uwpArASA1yw; 
Exo14. 9            uwpArASA3yw 
2Ch 8. 9            uwpArASA1yw; 
Isa28.28            uwpArASA3yw 
2Kg 2.12           uwpA6rASA3yw 
Hab 1. 8           uwpA8rASAyw_4 
Exo15.19          uwb.pArASAyw_4 
Exo14.17          uwb.pArASA1yw; 
Exo14.18          uwb.pArASA1yw; 
1Sa 8.11          uwb.pArASA3yw 
Exo14.26       w.`al-p:ArASA1yw; 

Jer 2.19              rA`Ate4k 
Eze16.23              rA`Ate2k 
Jer22.22              rA`Ate1k; 
Jer 4.18              rA`Atek_4 
Isa47.10            b.rA`Ate4k 
Jer 3. 2          uwb.rA`Ate1k; 
Jer11.15              rA`Ate3kiy 
Num35.23              rA`Ato1w; 
Jer18. 8           merA6`Ato3w 
Jer23.14           merA8`Ato2w 
Jon 4. 6           merA8`Ato2w 
Jer 8. 6         `al-rA6`Ato3w 
Jer48.16           w.rA6`Ato3w 
Qoh 7.15           b:.rA`Ato1w; 
Obad  13           b:.rA`Ato3w 
2Sa 3.39           k:.rA`Ato1w; 
Qoh 5.12            l.rA`Ato1w; 
Jer 6. 7              rA`AtA2h: 
Lam 1.22              rA`AtA6m 
Jer 1.16              rA`AtA2m 
Jer44. 3              rA`AtA4m 
Hos 9.15              rA`AtA6m 
Jer33. 5              rA`AtA1m; 
Jer11.12              rA`AtA1m; 
Jer11.14              rA`AtA1m; 
Joe 4.13              rA`AtA1m; 
Jer51.24              rA`AtA4m 
Jon 1. 2              rA`AtA3m 
Jer23.11              rA`AtA3m 
Hos 7. 2              rA`AtA3m 
Est 9. 2             rA8`AtA2m 
Jer 2.27             rA8`AtAm_4 
Jer44. 5           merA8`AtA2m 
Jer14.16          'Et-rA`AtA1m; 
Hos 7. 3           b:.rA`AtA3m 
Nah 3.19            rA`At.kA3 
1Kg 2.44        'Et-rA`At.kA3 
1Sa24.10              rA`AtE1kA; 
Jer 2.28              rA`AtE2kA 
2Sa16. 8          b:.rA6`AtE3kA 
Lam 1.21             rA8`Atiy_4 
Num11.15           b:.rA`Ati1y; 
Hos10.15           rA8`at.kE2m 
1Sa12.17      k:i8y-rA`at.kE6m 
Jer44. 9           rA`o6tekE3m 
1Sa10.19          rA`owteykE6m 
Eze20.43          rA`owteykE3m 

Isa39. 7             sAriysi3ym 
2Kg 9.32             sAriysi1ym; 
2Kg20.18            sA8riysi3ym 
Jer41.16           w.sA6risi3ym 
Jer34.19          has:A8risiym_4 
Est 1.10         has:A6riysi3ym 
Dan 1.11         has:A8riysi3ym 
Isa56. 4         las:A8riysiym_4 
Dan 1.10          has:Ariysiym_4 
Est 1.15          has:Ariysi1ym; 
Dan 1.18          has:Ariysi3ym 
Est 1.12          has:Ariysi2ym 
Dan 1. 7          has:Ariysi3ym 
Dan 1. 8          has:Ariysi3ym 
Dan 1. 9          has:Ariysi1ym; 
1Ch28. 1      `im-has:Ariysi6ym 
Est 7. 9      min-has:Ariysi5ym 
Jer29. 2        w.has:Ariysi5ym 
Est 6. 2             sAriyse6y 
Est 6.14           w.sAriyse6y 
Est 4. 5          mis:Ariyse6y 
Est 2.21      S.ne8y-sAriyse6y 
Dan 1. 3             sAriysA2yw 
Gen40. 2             sAriysA2yw 
1Sa 8.15           l.sAriysA3yw 
2Kg24.12          w.sA8riysA2yw 
2Kg24.15       w.'Et-sAriysA4yw 
Est 4. 4           w.sAriysE4yhA=4 

Eze21.36              HArASe3y 
Isa45.16              HArASe3y 
2Kg12.12            l.HArASe6y 
2Ch24.12            l.HArASe6y 
1Ch22.15            w.HArASe6y 
1Ch14. 1            w.HArASe6y 
2Sa 5.11            w.HArASe6y 
1Ch14. 1            w.HArASe3y 
2Sa 5.11           w.HA8rASe3y 
1Ch29. 5              HArASi2ym 
Zec 2. 3              HArASi1ym; 
Hos13. 2              HArASi3ym 
2Ch24.12            w.HArASi3ym 
Isa44.11            w.HArASi6ym 
Ezr 3. 7          w.lEHArASi2ym 
2Ch34.11           lEHA8rASiym_4 

Num33.52             b:AmotA3m 
Jer17. 3             b:AmotE3ykA 
Hab 3.19            b:Amowta3y 
2Sa22.34            b:Amowta3y 
Eze43. 7            b:AmowtA1m; 
Deu33.29        `al-b:Amowte6ymow 
2Sa 1.25        `al-b:AmowtE3ykA 
2Sa 1.19        `al-b:AmowtE3ykA 
Isa36. 7         'Et-b:AmotA6yw 
2Ch32.12         'Et-b:AmotA3yw 
2Kg18.22         'Et-b:AmotA6yw 
Eze 6. 3        b:Amo8wteykE1m; 
Lev26.30     'Et-b:Amo8teykE4m 
Deu32.13       `al-**b:A6m.Atey 
Mic 1. 3       `al-**b:A6m.Atey 
Isa58.14       `al-**b:A6m.Atey 

Eze23.15              SAliSi3ym 
Eze23.23             SA8liSiym_4 
Exo14. 7            w.SAliSi3m 
Exo15. 4             SA8liSA3yw 
2Ch 8. 9             SAliySA3yw 
1Kg 9.22            w.SAliSA3yw 
2Kg 9.25           **SA8liSo3w 
2Kg15.25             SAliySo4w 
2Sa23. 8           haS:AliSi4y 
2Kg10.25        w.haS:A6liSi3ym 
2Kg10.25         w.laS:AliSi5ym 
1Sa18. 6          uwb.SAliSi1ym; 
1Ch11.11       **haS:A6liySi3ym 

Dan 9.25              SAbu`i3ym 
Dan 9.24              SAbu`i6ym 
Dan10. 2              SAbu`i3ym 
Dan10. 3              SAbu`i3ym 
Deu16. 9              SAbu`o3t 
Deu16.10              SAbu`owt_4 
Deu16. 9              SAbu`o1wt; 
Exo34.22              SAbu`ot_4 
Dan 9.25            w.SAbu`i5ym 
Dan 9.26           haS:Abu`iym_4 
2Ch 8.13           haS:Abu`o3wt 
Deu16.16           haS:Abu`o3wt 
Num28.26    b:.SAbu`o67teykE2m 

Isa17.10             mA`uz:e3k 
Isa17. 9             mA`uz:o4w 
Dan11.10       `ad-**mA`uz:o1w; 
Jer16.19           uwmA`uz:i4y 
Eze24.25       'Et-mA6`uwz:A3m 
2Sa22.33            mA`uwz:i3y 
Isa27. 5         b:.mA`uwz:i3y 
Dan11.19          l.mA`uwz:e3y 
Dan11.39            mA8`uz:iym_4 
Dan11.38            mA8`uz:i3ym 
Neh 8.10          mA8`uz:.kE1m; 
Isa23.14           mA`uz:.kE1n; 
Isa23.11            mA`uz.nE1yhA; 

1Kg14.26             mAgin:e6y 
1Kg14.27             mAgin:e3y 
2Ch12.10             mAgin:e3y 
2Sa22. 3             mAgin:i5y 
Hos 4.18             mAgin:E1yhA; 
2Ch12. 9         'Et-mAgin:e6y 
2Ch26.14             mAgin:i6ym 
2Ch 9.16            mA8gin:iym_4 
1Kg10.17            mA8gin:iym_4 
2Ch32. 5           uwmAgin:i1ym; 
2Ch32.27        uwl.mA6gin:i3ym 
Neh 4.10          ham:Agin:i3ym 
2Ch23. 9    w.'Et-ham:Agin:owt_4 

1Sa15. 6           `.amAleqi4y 
2Sa 1.13           `.amAleqi3y 
2Sa 1. 8           `.amAleqi3y 
1Sa30.13          `.amA8leqi3y 
1Sa30. 1         wa`.amAleqi6y 
1Sa15.15         me`.amAleqi6y 
Num14.43         hA`.amAleqi6y 
Gen14. 7         hA`.amAleqi2y 
Jud12.15         hA`.amAleqi1y; 
Num14.45         hA`.amAleqiy_4 
1Sa27. 8       w.hA`.amAleqi2y 
Num14.25      w.hA8`.amAleqi6y 

Eze32.12             `Ariyce6y 
Eze30.11             `Ariyce6y 
Eze31.12             `Ariyce6y 
Eze28. 7             `Ariyce3y 
Jer15.21              `Arici1ym; 
Isa25. 4             `Ariyci3ym 
Isa13.11             `Ariyci3ym 
Isa25. 3             `Ariyci3ym 
Isa25. 5            `A8riyci3ym 
Isa29. 5            `A8riyci3ym 

Ezr 7. 6          b:aq:ASAto1w; 
Est 5. 7         uwbaq:ASAti1y; 
Est 7. 3        b:.baq:ASAti1y; 
Est 5. 8      'Et-b:aq:ASAti2y 
Est 9.12    uwmah-b:aq:ASAte6k 
Est 5. 3    uwmah-b:aq:ASAte4k 
Est 7. 2    uwmah-b:aq:ASAte4k 
Est 5. 6    uwmah-b:aq:ASAte4k 

Eze31.12          dAliy:owtA4yw 
Eze17. 6         d:Aliy:owtAyw_4 
Jer11.16         d:Aliy:owtA1yw; 
Eze17.23         d:Aliy:owtA3yw 
Eze19.11          d:Aliy:otA1yw; 
Eze31. 7        d:A8liy:owtA2yw 
Eze31. 9        d:A8liy:owtA2yw 
Eze17. 7       w.dA8liy:owtAyw_4 

Jos 3.17          b:EHA6rAbA3h 
Jos 3.17          b:EHA7rAbA4h 
Eze30.12             HA8rAbA3h 
Gen 7.22          b:EHA8rAbA3h 
2Kg 2. 8           b:EHArAbA1h; 
Jos 4.18            hEHArAbA2h 
Hag 2. 6      w.'Et-hEHArAbA1h; 
Exo14.21            lEHArAbA2h 

Isa 3. 4             $AreyhE2m 
Hos 7.16             $AreyhE3m 
Hos 9.15             $AreyhE3m 
Jer 2.26            $A8reyhE3m 
Jer32.32            $A8reyhE3m 
Jer17.25          w.$A6reyhE3m 
Jud 5.29             $ArowtE3yhA 
Isa49.23       w.$Aro8wteyhEm_4 

Gen35. 3             cA8rAti3y 
1Sa 1. 6             cA8rAtAh:_4 
Neh 9.27             cA8rAtAm_4 
Isa63. 9              cArAtA5m! 
Jud10.14            cArat.kE1m; 
Isa46. 7           mic:ArAto3w 
2Ch20. 9           mic:ArAte3nuw 

Lev 6. 8         'az.k:ArAtA3h: 
Lev 2. 2     'Et-'az.k:ArAtAh:_4 
Lev 2.16     'Et-'az.k:ArAtA4h: 
Lev 5.12     'Et-'az.k:ArAtAh_4 
Lev 2. 9    'Et-'az.k:A6rAtA3h: 
Num 5.26    'Et-'az.k:A6rAtA3h: 

Exo38.19             wAweyhE6m 
Exo26.37             wAweyhE3m 
Exo26.32             wAweyhE3m 
Exo27.17             wAweyhE3m 
Exo36.36             wAweyhE3m 
Exo36.38      w.'Et-wA6weyhE3m 

Eze17.19             'A8lAtiy_4 
Gen24.41            me'AlAti1y; 
Gen24.41           me'A6lAti3y 
Eze17.16         'Et-'A6lAto3w 
Deu29.11          uwb.'AlAto2w 

Eze16.25             rA8mAte3k 
Eze16.31            w.rAmAte6k 
1Ch27.27           hArA8mAti2y 
1Sa 1. 1        min-hArAmAta4yim 
Eze16.39              rAmota3yik

Eze39.23             cAreyhE3m 
Neh 9.27             cAreyhE1m; 
Neh 9.27            cA8reyhE3m 
Jer50. 7           w.cAreyhE6m 

Exo20. 5            tA`Ab.de2m=3 
Deu 5. 9            tA`Ab.de2m=3 
Exo23.24           tA8`Ab.de3m 
Deu13. 3         w.nA8`Ab.de1m; 

Eze 6. 6         Ham:A6neykE3m 
Lev26.30     'Et-Ham:A6neykE3m 
Eze 6. 4         Ham:A8neykE2m 

Exo 7.22          b:.lATeyhE2m 
Exo 8. 3          b:.lATeyhE2m 
Exo 8.14          b:.lATeyhE4m 

Eze42.11         mowcA6'eyhE3n 
Num33. 2      'Et-mowcA'eyhE4m 
Num33. 2        l.mowcA'eyhE1m; 

2Kg 5. 6        mic:Ara`.t:o1w; 
2Kg 5. 3        mic:Ara`.t:o1w; 
2Kg 5. 7       mic:A8ra`.t:o2w 

Jer 7.11             p:Arici4ym 
Dan11.14            p:Ariyce6y 
Eze 7.22            p:Ariyci3ym 

Lev13.55        b:.qAraH.t:o3w 
Lev13.43        b:.qAraH.t:o3w 
Lev13.42        b:.qAraH.t:o3w 

Ezr 8.17         b:.kAsip.yA6' 
Ezr 8.17         b:.kAsip.yA3' 

Est 4. 7             p:ArASa6t 
Est10. 2            uwpArASat_4 

2Ch31.12        **k:A8nan.yA6huw 
2Ch31.13        **k:A8nan.yA4huw=4 

Lev13. 7            herA'oto4w 
Mal 3. 2       b:.herA8'owto2w 

Can 2.10              yApAti3y 
Can 2.13              yApAti3y 

Eze33.21           l.gAluwte2nuw 
Isa45.13           w.gAluwti6y 

Eze27.25             SArowta3yik 
Jer 5.10           b.SArowtE4yhA=4 

Mal 2. 2             'Arowti3yhA 
Mal 2. 2           w.'Arowti3y 

Exo25.29           q:.`ArotA5yw 
Exo37.16        'Et-q.`ArotA6yw 

1Kg 6. 7       b:.hib:A6noto3w 
1Kg 6. 7        b:.hib:Anoto1w; 

Exo40.37            he`Aloto1w; 
Num 9.22        uwb.he`Aloto3w 

1Ch20. 6            l.hArApA1'; 
1Ch20. 8            l.hArApA3' 

2Ch16. 7     b:.hiS:A6`En.kA5 
2Ch16. 8    uwb.hiS:A8`En.kA6 

Isa65.23      w.cE'.EcA'eyhE3m 
Isa61. 9      w.cE'.EcA'eyhE3m 

Gen40.10             $Ariygi2m 
Joe 1. 7             $AriygE1yhA; 

2Ch27. 4        b:i8yrAniy:o3wt 
2Ch17.12         b:iyrAniy:o3wt 

Jon 1. 3             'Aniy:A5h! 
Eze27.29    me'Aniy:o8wteyhE4m 

1Kg12.10            qA8TAn:i6y 
2Ch10.10            qA8TAn:i6y 

Eze23.42            **sAbA'i3ym
1Sa25. 3           **kAlib:i1y;
Eze41.26           w.hA`ub:i1ym;
Eze26. 9            qA8bAl:o3w
1Ch 2.54        ham:AnaH.t:i3y
Jud 6.17             SA'at:A3h
Lam 4.10       raH.amA6niy:o3wt
Zec 9.15          k:.zAwiy:o3wt
Num11. 8              bAreHa4yim
Jos19. 6          w.SA8ruwHE2n
2Kg15.10           qA8bAl.`A3m 
Isa30.15         t:iw:A6Se`u3wn
Eze 2. 6              sArAbi6ym
Num26.24          hay:ASuwbi2y
Deu 4.26          t:iS:Amedu1wn;
Eze27. 9       uwmal:A8HeyhEm_4
Qoh 9. 1        wa`.abAdeyhE3m
Exo32.25          b:.qAmeyhE1m;
Est 3. 8           w.dAteyhE5m
2Kg 8.12         w.hAroteyhE3m
Isa 1.15        uwb.pAri$.kE6m
Hos13.14           qA8TAb.kA_4
Deu20. 2        k:.qA8rAb.kE3m
Eze28.16        wA8'ab:Ed.kA_4
Deu28.20        hiS:A8mEd.kA6
Eze21.29        hiz:A6kEr.kE3m
Eze32. 6            cApAt.kA4
Isa28.18         w.HAzuwt.kE6m
Eze28.13        hib:Ara'.akA3
Isa 1.18          H.aTA'eykE6m
Jer27. 9   w.'El-k:aS:ApeykE2m
Eze 6. 8   b:.hiz:Aro8wteykE3m
Num26.13          haS:A'uwli1y;
Num26.21           hEHAmuwli1y;
1Ch27.29          haS:Arowni2y 
Num26.12          hay:Akiyni1y;
Num26.12          hay:Amiyni2y
Jud 1.32           hA'A6Seri3y
Isa 7.25           ye`A6deru3wn
2Sa20.26          hay:A6'iri3y
Num26.29          ham:Akiyri3y
Lam 3.59          `aw:A6tAti3y
Jos 3.13          yik:A6retu3wn
Mic 5. 1         uwmowcA'otA6yw
Eze31. 4     w.'Et-t:.`AlotE6yhA
Isa19.10              SAtotE3yhA
Ezr 4. 7         **k:.nAwotA3yw
Eze43.18          he`A8$owto2w
Hos14. 1        w.hAriy:owtA3yw
Eze35.12          nA'A8cowtE4ykA
Est 2. 9       w.'Et-mAnowtE4hA=4
2Kg15.16          hEhA6rowtE3yhA
Eze20.38           uwbArowti6y
Zec 2. 4           l.zArowtA1h:;
Eze32. 5             rAmuwtE1kA;
Jud11.35           p:Aci6ytiy-piy_4
Lev24. 5           w.'ApiytA6

===========================================

Forms for which I happened to notice that _qames._ was in a
phonologically-special environment (elided yodh, elided 'aleph, or
preceding an _r_ middle radical in Pi``el verb form):

1Ch 6.45            `AreyhE4m 
Zep 3. 6            `AreyhE4m 
1Ch 4.31            `AreyhE3m 
Lev25.34            `AreyhE3m 
Num31.10            `AreyhEm_4 
2Ch31.19            `AreyhEm_4 
1Ch10. 7            `AreyhEm_4 
Jos 9.17        'El-`AreyhE3m 
Jos11.21        `im-`AreyhE3m 
Num21. 2        'Et-`AreyhE1m; 
Num21. 3      w.'Et-`AreyhE2m 
1Ch 9. 2         b:.`AreyhE2m 
Est 9. 2         b:.`AreyhE4m 
Neh 7.72         b:.`AreyhE2m 
2Ch19.10         b:.`AreyhE4m 
Ezr 2.70         b:.`AreyhE2m 
Neh 7.72         b:.`AreyhE1m; 
Ezr 2.70         b:.`AreyhE1m; 
Deu19. 1          b.`AreyhE3m 
2Ch31. 1          l.`AreyhE1m; 
Eze19. 7          w.`AreyhE3m 
Jos 9.17          w.`AreyhEm_4 
Jer36. 6          me`AreyhE3m 
2Kg17. 9           `A6reyhE3m 
Jer 5. 6       `al-`A6reyhE3m 
Jos10.19       'El-`A6reyhE3m 
2Kg17.29        b:.`A6reyhE3m 
Neh11. 3        b:.`A6reyhE3m 
1Ch19. 7         me`A6reyhE3m 
Amo 4. 6           `A6reykE3m 
Deu 3.19        b:.`A6reykE3m 
2Kg12. 8        mak:A8reykE3m 
Lev26.31       'Et-`A8reykEm_4 
Jer44.21          w.$AreykE3m 
Isa61. 5         'ik:AreykE3m 
Isa 1. 7            `AreykE3m 
Lev26.25        'El-`AreykE2m 
Jer40.10         b:.`AreykE6m 
Lev26.33          w.`AreykE3m 

Eze32.27           rA'SeyhE4m 
1Ch12.33           rA'SeyhE6m 
Exo36.38           rA'SeyhE4m 
Exo38.19           rA'SeyhE4m 
Exo38.17           rA'SeyhE3m 
Exo38.28           rA'SeyhE3m 
Eze 7.18           rA'SeyhE3m 
Eze 1.22       `al-rA'SeyhE3m 
Eze23.42       `al-rA'SeyhE1n; 
Eze44.20       'Et-rA'SeyhE1m; 
1Kg20.32        b:.rA'SeyhE4m 
Eze27.30      `al-rA6'SeyhE3m 
Eze23.15       b:.rA6'SeyhE3m 
2Kg10. 7      'Et-rA8'SeyhEm_4 
Lev10. 6          rA7'SeykE6m 
Deu29. 9           rA'SeykE6m 
Eze24.23       `al-rA'SeykE4m 
Isa29.10     w.'Et-rA'SeykE6m 
Deu 1.13        b:.rA'SeykE1m; 

Rut 2. 4         y.bArEk.kA6 
Jer31.23         y.bArEk.kA6 
Deu23.21         y.bArEk.kA5 
Deu16.15         y.bArEk.kA5 
Num 6.24         y.bArEk.kA6 
Deu14.29         y.bArEk.kA_4 
Deu24.19         y.bArEk.kA_4 
Deu15.10         y.bArEk.kA_4 
Deu16.10         y.bArEk.kA3 
Deu14.24         y.bArEk.kA3 
Gen27.10         y.bArEk.kA3 
2Kg 4.29  w.ki8y-y.bArEk.kA6 
Gen22.17        '.abArEk.kA4 
Gen12. 2     wa'.abA6rEk.kA3 
Gen27.25       t:.bA8rEk.kA3 
Deu15. 4        y.bA8rEk.kA_4 
Gen27. 4        t:.bArEk.kA6 

===========================================

Proper names:

1Ch27. 2          yA8SAb.`A3m 
1Ch11.11           yASAb.`A6m 
1Ch12. 7         w.yASAb.`A3m 

2Sa23.30       p:ir.`A6toni3y 
1Ch11.31      hap:ir.`Atoni1y; 
Jud12.15     hap:ir.`Atowni2y 
Jud12.13     hap:ir.`Atowni1y; 
1Ch27.14     hap:ir.`Atowni3y 

1Ch 4.21             mAreSA2h 
1Ch 2.42             mAreSA3h 
Mic 1.15            mA8reSA2h 
Jos15.44         uwmA8re'SA2h 
2Ch20.37         mim:A6reSA3h 
2Ch14. 8         `ad-mAreSA1h; 
2Ch11. 8       w.'Et-mAreSA3h 
2Ch14. 9           l.mAreSA1h; 

Dan 8. 1            dAniy:e3'l 
Dan 8.27            dAniy:e4'l 
Dan12. 5            dAniy:e3'l 
Dan10. 7            dAniy:e6'l 
Dan 8.15            dAniy:e3'l 
Dan 1.21          d:A8niy:e3'l 
Dan 9. 2          d:A8niy:e3'l 
Dan12. 4           dA8niy:e4'l 
Dan10. 2           dA8niy:e'l_4 
Ezr 8. 2           d:Aniy:e2'l 
Dan 1. 6           d:Aniy:e6'l 
Dan12. 9           d:Aniy:e2'l 
Neh10. 7           d:Aniy:e6'l 
Dan 9.22           d:Aniy:e3'l 
1Ch 3. 1           d:Aniy:e3'l 
Dan 1.11           d:Aniy:e3'l 
Dan10.11           d:Aniy:e6'l 
Dan 1. 8           d:Aniy:e'l_4 
Dan10. 1         l.dA8niy:e3'l 
Dan 1. 7         l.dA8niy:e5'l 
Dan 1.10         l.dA6niy:e3'l 
Dan 1. 9      'Et-d:A6niy:e3'l 
Dan 1.11       `al-d:Aniy:e6'l 
Dan 1.19         k:.dAniy:e6'l 
Dan 1.17          w.dAniy:e6'l 
Eze28. 3      **mid:A8niy'e2l 
Eze14.20         **d:Aniy'e6l 
Eze14.14         **d:Aniy'e6l 

1Kg12. 2           yArAb.`A6m 
2Kg 3. 3           yArAb.`A6m 
1Kg16. 2           yArAb.`A4m 
2Kg13. 2           yArAb.`A6m 
1Kg14.17           yArAb.`A3m 
1Kg15. 1           yArAb.`A6m 
2Kg15.24           yArAb.`A6m 
1Kg14. 2           yArAb.`A5m 
2Ch13. 4           yArAb.`A6m 
2Kg14.28           yArAb.`A5m 
Amo 7.11           yArAb.`A2m 
1Kg21.22           yArAb.`A6m 
1Kg14. 4           yArAb.`A3m 
2Kg15.28           yArAb.`A6m 
2Kg14.23           yArAb.`A6m 
1Kg16.26           yArAb.`A6m 
1Kg16.19           yArAb.`A3m 
1Kg14. 2           yArAb.`A2m 
2Ch10.12           yArAb.`A6m 
2Ch10. 2           yArAb.`A6m 
2Kg14.24           yArAb.`A6m 
2Kg14.16           yArAb.`A6m 
2Ch13. 1           yArAb.`A2m 
2Kg23.15           yArAb.`A6m 
2Kg17.21           yArAb.`A6m 
1Kg16. 7           yArAb.`A2m 
2Kg14.27           yArAb.`A6m 
1Kg13. 4           yArAb.`A6m 
1Kg16. 3           yArAb.`A6m 
Hos 1. 1           yArAb.`A6m 
1Kg12.12           yArAb.`A6m 
1Kg14. 6           yArAb.`A2m 
1Kg14.10           yArAb.`A3m 
2Kg15. 9           yArAb.`A6m 
1Kg16.31           yArAb.`A6m 
1Kg12.25           yArAb.`A6m 
1Kg11.40           yArAb.`A4m 
1Kg14. 5           yArAb.`A5m 
1Kg15.34           yArAb.`A3m 
2Kg13.11           yArAb.`A6m 
Amo 1. 1           yArAb.`A6m 
2Kg10.29           yArAb.`A6m 
2Ch13. 6           yArAb.`A6m 
1Kg15.29           yArAb.`A3m 
1Kg13.34           yArAb.`A2m 
2Kg15.18           yArAb.`A6m 
2Kg 9. 9           yArAb.`A6m 
1Kg14.20           yArAb.`A3m 
1Kg12.20           yArAb.`A3m 
1Kg22.53           yArAb.`A6m 
1Ch 5.17           yArAb.`A6m 
1Kg14.13           yArAb.`A1m; 
2Ch13. 2           yArAb.`A1m; 
1Kg15. 7           yArAb.`A1m; 
1Kg14.30           yArAb.`A3m 
1Kg12. 2           yArAb.`A3m 
2Kg17.22           yArAb.`A3m 
2Ch13. 8           yArAb.`A3m 
2Ch10. 2           yArAb.`A3m 
Amo 7. 9           yArAb.`A3m 
2Ch10. 3           yArAb.`A3m 
1Kg11.28           yArAb.`A3m 
1Kg15. 6           yArAb.`A3m 
1Kg13.33           yArAb.`A3m 
1Kg12. 3           yArAb.`A3m 
1Kg12.26           yArAb.`A3m 
1Kg14.14           yArAb.`A3m 
1Kg12.32           yArAb.`A6m| 
1Kg15.30           yArAb.`Am_4 
2Kg10.31          yA8rAb.`A3m 
1Kg14.19          yA8rAb.`A3m 
2Ch11.14          yA8rAb.`Am_4 
2Kg14.29          yA8rAb.`Am_4 
1Kg14.16          yA8rAb.`Am_4 
2Ch13.15      'Et-yA8rAb.`Am_4 
1Kg14.11        l.yA8rAb.`A6m 
1Kg11.31        l.yA8rAb.`A3m 
1Kg14.10        l.yA8rAb.`Am_4 
2Ch13.13        w.yA8rAb.`A4m 
1Kg11.29        w.yA8rAb.`A3m 
1Kg14. 7         l.yArAb.`A4m 
1Kg15.29         l.yArAb.`A3m 
1Kg15. 9         l.yArAb.`A3m 
2Kg15. 1         l.yArAb.`A3m 
1Kg14.13         l.yArAb.`A3m 
2Ch13. 3         w.yArAb.`A4m 
1Kg13. 1         w.yArAb.`A4m 
2Kg13.13         w.yArAb.`A3m 
2Ch12.15         w.yArAb.`A3m 
2Ch 9.29       `al-yArAb.`A3m 
Amo 7.10       'El-yArAb.`A6m 
2Ch11. 4       'El-yArAb.`A1m; 
1Kg12.15       'El-yArAb.`A3m 
2Ch10.15       'El-yArAb.`A3m 
1Kg15.25      b:En-yArAb.`A4m 
2Kg15. 8       bEn-yArAb.`A6m 
1Kg14. 1       bEn-yArAb.`A1m; 
2Kg13. 6     b:eyt-yArAb.`A4m 
1Kg14.10      beyt-yArAb.`A3m 
2Kg17.21       'Et-yArAb.`A6m 
1Kg11.40       'Et-yArAb.`A2m 
2Ch13.20    k:o8aH-yArAb.`A4m 

===========================================

--
Henry Churchyard   churchh at usa.net   http://www.crossmyt.com/hc/



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