Gen 1:1 "At first"?

Dave Washburn dwashbur at
Fri Sep 1 17:11:47 EDT 2000

> <Kerry>
> > But isn't this the same usage as found in the beginning (GRIN!) of the
> Gospel of John? En Arche ho Logos.......
> > There is says "the", or am I really beginning to show of my vast fund of
> ignorance
> > on things Greek as well? Laugh!
> <Liz>
> >No, there is no "the" just "in beginning" or "When beginning," or "while
> beginning" or "at first".
> I agree, it's not a separate witness, just a quotation from the LXX.
> <Bill>
> I'm starting to warm up to "at first". Does anyone have a problem with that?
> Also, there are zero occurences of "EN H ARCH" in the NT, 

That's because H is the nominative article, while after the 
preposition ARCH is in the dative.  It should be EN TH ARCH, but 
this phrase is not in the NT either.  In the LXX it only occurs in Dan 
9:21, as opposed to 29 occurences of EN ARCH.  The list is as 
Ge 1:1 (LXX)
Jdg 7:17 (LXX)
Jdg 7:19 (LXX)
Jdg 7:19 (LXX)
Jdg 20:18 (LXX)
Jdg 20:18 (LXX)
Ru 1:22 (LXX)
2 Sa 17:9 (LXX)
2 Sa 21:9 (LXX)
2 Sa 21:10 (LXX)
1 Ki 21:9 (LXX)
1 Ki 21:12 (LXX)
2 Ki 17:25 (LXX)
1 Ch 16:7 (LXX)
2 Ch 13:12 (LXX)
Ezr 4:6 (LXX)
Ezr 9:2 (LXX)
Ps 137:6 (LXX)
Pr 8:23 (LXX)
Sir 36:14 (LXX)
Is 51:9 (LXX)
Je 25:20 (LXX)
Je 28:58 (LXX)
Je 33:1 (LXX)
Eze 21:19 (LXX)
Eze 36:11 (LXX)
Eze 42:10 (LXX)
Da 9:23 (LXX)
Da 9:23 (LXX)

Numbers in Jeremiah and Ezekiel may be a little...odd because of 
LXX differences.  The Ruth passage is especially interesting, 
because it refers to EN ARCH of barley harvest.  In this case it 
pretty well has to be definite despite the lack of the article.

> It seems that EN ARCH is Koine for "in the beginning" or "at first".


Dave Washburn
"Éist le glór Dé."

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