Hyskos and Hebrews
jonathan.bailey at gmx.de
Sat Jan 29 03:33:49 EST 2000
Well, since nobody liked my post about doublets in paleo-Hebrew inscriptions
(probably the only Hebrew language post that I wrote in quite some time), I thought I
would join in on this off-topic discussion.
Could it be that the Hebrews were not the Hyskos? Perhaps the Pharaoh that made
Joseph ruler was a Hyskos king who was expelled and was replaced by Mitsraimite
Egyptian Pharaoh who then began to oppress all of the semitic peoples that had been
invited down by Joseph's friendly patron. The Hebrews, being one of the wealthiest
and most populous of the semitic groups in the area thanks to Joseph, were probably
not interested in leaving until well after the Hyskos expulsion as their fortunes
continued to wane and their social situation took a few turns for the worse.
Now I am not using this scenario to support a humanistic 13th century dating for the
Exodus. I just also notice that Dr. Mattfield is incorrect in asserting a 1446+ masoretic
date for the Exodus. 1Ki 6:1 is not talking about 480 years from Solomon to the
entering in of, or conquering of Canaan. It is stating 480 years from the exiting of
Egypt to the building of the temple. Therefore, wandering, Joshua, etc. are not taken
into account. So we have Exodus at 1446, wandering until 1406, etc.
So a 15th century Exodus works well with a 16th century Hyskos expulsion according
to the scenario I painted above. Now I am not at all versed in really any area of
Egyptology, especially chronology, so would appreciate any criticisms of the idea that
one may have. I am also looking for introductions to the field of chronology in general,
particularly Egyptian chronology, that have been produced by unclouded scientific
To illustrate what I mean by unclouded, let me give 2 examples. I was talking about
this theme with a friend of mine who is up on his Egyptian history and he says the
Exodus must have been after the 13th century because we have Egyptian records of
2 egyptian cities cities being built by Hebrews in the 13th century. Now he overlooked
the possibility that not all the Hebrews left in the Exodus. This is a typical biblical
pattern. Not all the Hebrews warded off the angel of death with blood on the door. Not
all the Hebrews left exile in Babylon. Also, he did not conceive of the possibility that
some (if not most) of the Hebrews got scared and went back to Egypt. Also a biblical
theme. Check Jeremiah. Anyway, I am trying to find histories and chronological data
by people who know that if you find an ear of corn in a field it means you found a field
with an ear of corn in it, not necessarily a corn field. Such understanding seems to
escape most people, it seems.
"If there are many wisemen in a city, this means that the city will soon fall."
Hochschule für Jüdische Studien
More information about the b-hebrew