Judah before Hezekiah?
banyai at t-online.de
Fri Dec 8 15:59:38 EST 2000
Ian Hutchesson wrote:
> >How are the links between Lachish and Israel determined,
> >or between any town you mentioned and Israel?
> >How do you recognize links between towns?
> By similarities in architecture. The logic and structure of the outer
> gateworks is quite similar to a number of Israelite cities including
> Megiddo. The six-chambered structure that makes up the inner gate there is
> found in such places as Megiddo, Hazor and Gezer.
> Within gate areas in a number of cities or towns one finds "low plastered
> stone benches" ranging from Dan to Kuntillat Ajrud.
There is no necessity in your hypothesis. One could assume as well for
example, the six chambered gate would be a Judean typology (try to
demonstrate the contrary) originating from some Jerusalemite city gates
(do you know how the 9-th century BC gates of Jerusalem looked like?),
which expanded northwards. You should demonstrate, unto to invalidate
this, at least following two points:
1. there is a chain of Judean fortresses at the westborder, opposing the
Israelite ruled fortress at Gezer and so on along the Shephelah. Secondly,
that this chain of "Judean" fortresses doesen´t display the same gate
One could assume as well that the northern and southern examples had some
common forerunners in the 10-th century. What do we know? On the
assumption of the preexistence of a united monarchy, would it be no
wonder. To exclude this, you should have made an exhaustive study of the
10-th century gates in Palestine, in first line to be able to make any
kind of statement about the gates of Jerusalem in the 10-th century BC.
So on... I wish you great luck.
> >The pottery in early levels of Lachish, level IV for example,
> >match early pottery at Arad. Does it match Israelian
> >pottery as well? Would you expect trade to be greater among
> >Judaean cities, if there was a Judea, and identical to that
> >with Israelian cities if there was no Judah? Is there only trade,
> >what else?
> One usually expects trade to represent local conditions, a town will trade
> with those towns in the same area, but I haven't had the opportunity to look
> into the implications of any indications of trade as yet, so ultimately I
> can't give an informed opinion regarding the tangible evidence.
> However, I wouldn't like to argue that a town known as "Arad of the house of
> Yeroham" (in the campaign inscription of Sheshonq I at Karnak, 10th century)
> was necessarily related to some organisation you might want to call "Judaean
Well, you are first time admiting not to know something. Is this something
so unimportant for the functioning of your argumentation?
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