Isa. 40:10 -- Reward?
ben.crick at argonet.co.uk
Fri Dec 1 18:13:49 EST 2000
On Thu 30 Nov 2000 (17:53:54), jbarach at telusplanet.net wrote:
> In Isa. 40:10, YHWH is presented as coming with his reward (sakar) and
> his recompense (pe'ulla). I've often taken those words to indicate that
> YHWH will be giving everyone his due. Others, however, argue that the
> reward isn't going from YHWH to other people but is rather the reward
> that YHWH himself receives (namely, the flock mentioned in verse 11).
These two words appear together in Leviticus 19:13.
Both nouns could mean Reward; or &aKaR means Reward, while P:`uLLaH means
Work. IMHO what Motyer is suggesting is that both refer to the Reward that
YHWH *gets*: i.e. a Saved People. Thus CR North, GW Wade, and JA Alexander.
Whenever &aKaR is used with a pronominal suffix it seems to mean the Getter,
not the Giver of the Reward: that which is paid /to/ him, not /by/ him
(Alexander, /Isaiah/, p 101).
Or, both refer to the Reward that YHWH *gives*. Thus J Skinner, referring to a
returning conqueror distributing largesse (compare chapter 53:12). Israel are
the people of his pasture and the sheep of his hand (Psalm 95:7).
Delitzsch says that the Reward P:`uLLaH is that which YHWH gives; but &aKaR
is a Penal reward to his enemies and P:`uLLaH is a gracious reward to his
friends (/Isaiah/, vol 2, p 140). &aKaR means a Pay-packet; Po`aL means a Work
(abstract), usually YHWH's work (Psalms 44:1, 95:9 etc) as protector of His
People. Notice the parallelism of verses 10 and 11, the two 'Arms' of YHWH:
the Ruling Arm in verse 10 and the Shepherding arm in verse 11. Recompense for
evil, and Reward for belief and obedience.
TR Birks and UE Simon say that the Reward is what YHWH bestows upon His
people, and the Work is His task of shepherding His people. Birks quotes
Revelation 22:10 "Behold I come quickly, and my reward is with me". Simon
says it is "unthinkable" that the Reward could be one that God /gets/, but
he doesn't say why.
My gut feeling is that the Reward is to his faithful, and the Recompense to
Revd Ben Crick, BA CF
<ben.crick at argonet.co.uk>
232 Canterbury Road, Birchington, Kent, CT7 9TD (UK)
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