ane Jebusites / Hurrians

Jonathan D. Safren yonsaf at
Tue Aug 1 11:03:23 EDT 2000

Kurt Oertel wrote:

> Dear all,
> in his book "The Land of the Bible" Yohanan Aharoni makes the following
> statement about the Jebusites, the inhabitants of pre-Davidian
> Jerusalem:
> "The Jebusites obviously were a people from the north, Hurrians or
> Hittites (not Canaanites or Amorites) and we do not know when and how
> they got to Jerusalem" (retranslated by me from the 1984 German edition,
> p. 222).
> [snip]
> I would like to know what made Aharoni state this with such an emphasis
> of certainty and if this viewpoint is shared by other listmembers
> (especially our listmembers from Israel).

There are several pieces of evidence, both Biblical and extra-Biblical,
I remember offhand:

The El Amarna Period king of Jerusalem, Abdi-(or Puti-)Hepa, with the
Hurrian theophoric Heb/pa(t).
The last Jebusite king of Jerusalem, Awarna/Arawna (or Ornan) generally
understood as the Hurrian honorofic ewir.
Uriah the Hittite, one of David's commanders.
Perhaps other listers could add other support.
Jonathan D. Safren
Dept. of Biblical Studies
Beit Berl College
Beit Berl Post Office
44905 Israel
Tel. 972-9-7476397
Fax: 972-9-7476398

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