Methods in biblical scholarship

Numberup at Numberup at
Mon Dec 27 15:39:20 EST 1999

It should be noted that the passage in Jude is similar to only a verse (9) in the
first chapter of 1 Enoch, though that "book," as reconstructed, has 108 chapters.

Aramaic fragments of 1 Enoch have been found at Qumran, but the "book" is complete
only in Ethiopic (Ge'ez).  Charlesworth (The Old Testament Pseudepiprapha, volume 1)
says that "Enoch is clearly composite, representing numerous periods and
writers....However, it is clear that the work originated in Judea and was in use at
Qumran before the beginning of the Christian period."  (pp. 7, 8)

The book was not a part of any known canon of the Hebrew or Jewish Bible, though it
appears to have been in use by sectarians or adherents of alternative "Judaisms."

Solomon Landers
Memra Institute for Biblical Research

peter_kirk at wrote:

> Jude (verse 14-15) quotes from Enoch, and in Acts 17:28 and Titus 1:12
> Paul quotes from Greek authors. Do we conclude from the latter that
> the Greek writings in question were counted as Holy Scripture by the
> Jews of the time?
> So, in the late first century or early second century CE Jewish canon,
> was Enoch included?
> Peter Kirk

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