Methods in biblical scholarship

peter_kirk at peter_kirk at
Mon Dec 27 12:34:49 EST 1999

Jude (verse 14-15) quotes from Enoch, and in Acts 17:28 and Titus 1:12 
Paul quotes from Greek authors. Do we conclude from the latter that 
the Greek writings in question were counted as Holy Scripture by the 
Jews of the time?

So, in the late first century or early second century CE Jewish canon, 
was Enoch included?

Peter Kirk

______________________________ Reply Separator _________________________________
Subject: Re[3]: Methods in biblical scholarship
Author:  <jwest at Highland.Net> at Internet
Date:    26/12/1999 17:31

At 11:18 PM 12/26/99 +0100, you wrote:

>        [Niels Peter Lemche]
>        Jewish tradition. I think--my memory is fading--that even my old 
>nestle of the NT included a reference to Henoch as scripture, so if this is 
>the case,

It most certainly is the case.
Other "non-canonical" texts were also cited.  See the volumes by Hans 
Huebner, "Biblische Theologie des NT".

>then certainl not only canonical books were considered scripture 
>when that piece was composed. Again, the old argument. The way the
>manuscripts of the DSS collection were stored does not show any indication 
>that any of the biblical books were in special regard in comparison to say 

Quite correct.

>Although Abg, Flint and Ulrich has been able to publish their 
>first Bible' the DSS manuscripts do not point in the direction of a 
>canonical biblical collection, so we are back to the rabbis.

Again, quite correct.  there was no "canon" before the late first century 
(and probably not till the mid second).  not in Judaism and certainly not in 
Christianity.  Ernst Kasemann demonstrated all this convincingly decades ago.




Jim West, ThD
jwest at

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