Prototype Theory and Hebrew Tense/Aspect
peter_kirk at sil.org
peter_kirk at sil.org
Thu Dec 16 20:21:14 EST 1999
I think Rolf Furuli has in the past provided several examples of
non-past WAYYIQTOLs. I have attempted to explain many of these as
relative past, and some I have suggested as errors for WEYIQTOLs. A
reasonably clear example of the latter is Psa 18:14 WAY.AR:("M, where
some MSS and 2 Samuel 22:14 have YAR:("M, and the verse continues with
a YIQTOL verb. The simplest explanation is that the Psalms text should
have been pointed W:YAR:("M, and the meaning is the same as in 2
Samuel. No doubt some other cases not indicated textually could be
discovered, at least tentatively, by componential analysis. By the
way, note that I am not excluding poetry from this study, while
realising that there may be a higher proportion of non-prototypical
forms and idiomatic usages in poetry.
As for the special cases wrt sequentiality, I am thinking of the
examples of this which you have put forward in the past.
______________________________ Reply Separator _________________________________
Subject: Re: Prototype Theory and Hebrew Tense/Aspect
Author: <dwashbur at nyx.net> at Internet
Date: 15/12/1999 17:22
I'd be interested to see some examples of some of these,
especially the exceptions to past and examples of suggested mis-
pointings. I'd also be interested to see what you consider "special
cases" wrt sequentiality.
> Rather off the top of my head, I would say that the features of
> WAYYIQTOL which we have mentioned come to the fore as follows:
> +past usually, not always especially where context is future
> +perfective almost always, perhaps always (?)
> +realis almost always, perhaps always (?)
> -dependence not quite sure what you mean by this one
Syntactically dependent or connected to another (previous) clause.
Examples would be coordination, apposition, governance by a
temporal clause, that sort of thing.
> -subordination I'd need to look more closely at this one
Subordination most often happens in BH by means of KY or )$R,
that the type of clause I denote by "subordination."
> and if for now we allow a feature from a different level:
> +sequential usually, except in hendiadys and some special cases
> I would also suggest a small secondary focus made up of cases in which
> WAYYIQTOL is actually a mis-pointing of WEYIQTOL.
> Peter Kirk
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