Luz and Lud
peter_kirk at sil.org
peter_kirk at sil.org
Mon Dec 6 23:46:52 EST 1999
According to BDB, the Hebrew verb LUZ = turn aside, depart is cognate
with an Arabic verb "laadha" meaning "have recourse to, take refuge
in", using the soft d Dave mentions (i.e. the th sound in "the"). The
(Canaanite?) place name Luz could well have come from this root, with
the meaning "place of refuge", and such a place name could have been
common in the Semitic world. According to the regular sound changes
which Dave mentions, the original "Ludh" would have changed to "Luz"
in some Semitic dialects and "Lud" in others. (According to the table
I have from Patrick R. Bennett's "Comparative Semitic Linguistics"
pp.68-73, proto-Semitic dh became z in old Babylonian, Hebrew, Ge'ez
and Tigre, d or dh in Syriac, d in Urmi and Egyptian Arabic, and
remained dh in Ugaritic, classical Arabic and Jibbali - it has also
become z in Turkish and Farsi). The place name Lod = Lydda could be a
variant form of the same name, perhaps of Aramaic rather than Hebrew
origin because of the d. (The Arabic form of this name is apparently
"Ludd", which is probably borrowed from the Aramaic or Greek rather
than reflecting the original root.)
______________________________ Reply Separator _________________________________
Subject: Re: Luz and Lud
Author: <dwashbur at nyx.net> at Internet
Date: 06/12/1999 13:18
> Prompted by some recent threads, I want to ask the list whether anyone thinks
there is any
> connection between Lud (Lydia in Asia Minor) and the 'Luz' of Jdg 1:26 which i
said to be
> the name of a Hittite city built by a former citizen of Bethel-Luz? Can we pos
> the zayin-daleth development which we see in Aramaic in the two names here?
I can only give a secondary source, but Cyrus Gordon on p. 30 of
the first fascicle of his Ugaritic Textbook gives a chart of various
consonant-changes (or variations, if one prefers) among several
semitic languages including Arabic, Ugaritic, Ethiopic, Hebrew,
Aramaic and Akkadian (which he spells Accadian). In the second
column, soft d (d with an underscore in his transliteration pattern)
is the same sound in Arabic and a couple of Ugaritic texts, hard d in
Ugaritic and Aramaic but z in Ethiopic, Hebrew and Accadian as well
as what he calls "Old Aramaic divergences." See also the discussion
on p. 26-27. So there does seem to be some prima
facie phonetic evidence for such a sound variation. Beyond that, I
can't say with any certainty.
Teach me your way, O Lord, and I will walk in your truth;
give me an undivided heart that I may fear your name.
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