attah/att variations, II, nature of pausal phonology

Henry Churchyard churchyh at
Fri Aug 13 08:55:56 EDT 1999

> From: Vincent DeCaen <decaen at>
> Date: Thu, 12 Aug 1999 11:24:06 -0400 (EDT)

> moving stress to the end is characteristic of contextual reductions.

Except in the consecutive imperfect, where the context or non-pausal
form has penultimate stress, and the pausal form has word-final
syllable stress.

> our work here has shown that pausal forms must be taken as basic,
> and contextual forms derived by rule from them. not only is it more
> elegant, but it's demanded by linguistic logic and phonemic
> analysis.

It's certainly true that pausal surface forms show a stress-position
which is the same as the stress-position initially assigned during the
course of the synchronic phonological derivation (though again, this
is nothing new, but was already concluded by Prince in his 1975
dissertation).  But when it comes to vowel quantities/qualities this
isn't generally true -- it's mostly "minor pausal forms" such as
'Attaa (CCAT betacode )^AT.FH), not major pausal forms such as 'AAttaa
(CCAT betacode )^FT.FH) which are closest to underlying forms, or
forms from an early stage of the synchronic phonological derivation.

Henry Churchyard   churchyh at

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