ben.crick at argonet.co.uk
Sun Sep 13 01:11:07 EDT 1998
On Thu 10 Sep 98 (19:23:18), rhutchin at aol.com wrote:
> In the following two verses, the same Hebrew word is translated as
> visiting, visited, and visit. Could someone explain this word and why
> it can be used in seemingly opposing contexts?
[Exodus 20:5 and Jeremiah 23:2 snipped]
Dear Mr Hutchin
Paul Zellmer has given you an excellent response. FWIW, here is my 2 cents'
"Visit" is a word which can mean good news or bad news. When God visits
a nation, it may be be either to praise or to blame; to punish or to redeem
them from punishment. So In Gen 50:24,25 and Ex 13:19 we find:
We'eLoHiYM *PaQoDh YiPhQoDh* 'eThKheM (or very similar); God's visitation
will be certain and sure, and will be to their advantage.
But in Ex 32:34, the visitation will be to their detriment:
uWBeYoWM *PaQeDhiY uWPaQaDhTiY* `aLeYHeM HaTTa'ThaM:
Notice in both cases the repetition of the root PQD to emphasize the
certainty and inexorability of it all.
So we see that the meaning of PaQaDh depends on the context. We have both
contexts in Ex 20:5. He will "visit" the iniquity of the fathers unto the
third and fourth generation of them that hate Him; but (verse 6) will show
"mercy" CheSeDh to thousands [of generations La`aLaPhiYM = Le'eLePh DoWR,
compare Deut 7:9] of them that love Him and keep his commandments.
The One who visits, or the one who has charge over the people, is the
PeQuWDh. See the discussions in RB Girdlestone, /Old Testament Synonyms/,
reprint, Eerdmans, page 208f and page 254f.
Revd Ben Crick, BA CF
<ben.crick at argonet.co.uk>
232 Canterbury Road, Birchington, Kent, CT7 9TD (UK)
More information about the b-hebrew