[B-Greek] 1Co 13:7 PANTA believe all?

Carl Conrad cwconrad2 at mac.com
Sat May 14 05:58:57 EDT 2011

Perhaps "Ol' Blue Eyes" understood and expressed it best:


On May 14, 2011, at 5:38 AM, Carl Conrad wrote:

> On May 13, 2011, at 9:28 PM, Oun Kwon wrote:
>> On Fri, May 13, 2011 at 8:24 AM, nebarry <nebarry at verizon.net> wrote:
>> <clipped>
>>> Well, yeah.  The thought that occurs to me is that all accusatives,
>>> including what we call the direct object, are adverbial -- after all, the
>>> d.o. modifies the action of the verb by indicating the direction of the
>>> action, so to speak. Here, it's part of a series (nicely done from a
>>> rhetorical perspective), all with verbs that normally take accusatives.  I
>>> agree that a native Greek speaker wouldn't have given the grammar a second
>>> thought, but I can also here him asking the question, "Does Paul mean that
>>> literally?" or some such...  So I think that it does involve hermeneutics
>>> and theology beyond simply the grammar and syntax.
>> <clipped>
>>> N.E. Barry Hofstetter
>> I am trying to come out of fogginess on this. The 'accusative' as an
>> 'object' actually reflects my thinking in English grammar.
>> Now, my problem is that I only recall 'PISTEUW + dative' and 'PISTEUW
>> + EIS (EPI)'. Would 'accusative' belong to this group to give same
>> nuance? Or should go to the direction of what NIV did? Are there any
>> other examples I can see and compare other than 1Co?
> You're looking in the wrong place and ignoring the context (context, context,
> context!). This is not a matter of how the verb PISTEUEIN construes with
> its complements. Rather it's an adverbial usage of PANTA in this entire
> very rhetorical sequence:
> 1Cor. 13:7 πάντα στέγει, πάντα πιστεύει, πάντα ἐλπίζει, πάντα ὑπομένει. 
> Paul is talking about the behavior of AGAPH, that is, about the behavior of one
> whose behavior is governed by AGAPH: That person behaves with AGAPH
> not at some times or some places or half-heartedly but WHOLLY, ALTOGETHER.
> BDAG s.v. PAS:
> d. subst.
> β. πάντα all things, everything. 
> πάντα four times as anaphora (rhetorical repetition) 1 Cor 13:7 (cp. 
> Libanius, Or. 3 p. 275, 4 πάντα φθεγγόμενοι, πάντα ἐργαζόμενοι, 
> πάντα χαριζόμενοι).—The acc. of specification stands almost in the sense of
> an adv. (B-D-F §154; Rob. 487) πάντα in all respects, in every way, altogether 
> (Hom. et al.; Aelian, VH 12, 25; Jos., Ant. 9, 166; SibOr 3, 205; Ath. 35, 2) 
> Ac 20:35 (perh. always, as Ps.-Lucian, Asin. 22 p. 590); 1 Cor 9:25b. πάντα 
> πᾶσιν ἀρέσκω (s. ἀρέσκω 2a) 10:33; 11:2. 

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Retired)

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