[B-Greek] Apollonius Canon source

Daniel, Robert S rob.daniel at hp.com
Tue Feb 1 17:53:28 EST 2011

Apollonius of Dyscolus -- is this guy for real? What an apt name for a Koine Greek grammarian! Somebody should tell Prof. Rico's students about this! :-)


-----Original Message-----
From: b-greek-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org [mailto:b-greek-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org] On Behalf Of Terry Cook
Sent: Tuesday, February 01, 2011 3:37 PM
To: Jarek Romanowski; b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org
Subject: Re: [B-Greek] Apollonius Canon source

Perhaps the following will be suitable definition?

APOLLONIUS' CANON:  "Apollonius of Dyscolus was a second century A.D. Greek 
grammarian who stated that, usually when a noun is modified by another noun 
in the genitive case, both nouns will have the article prefixed to them or 
neither will have the article. When both nouns are anarthrous, usually they 
are both mutually definite or both indefinite or both qualitative…. When the 
genitive noun is a proper noun, the article may be absent when the proper 
noun precedes or follows the articular noun and also when it is bracketed 
between the article and the noun."
•	"The rule that when one noun governs another noun (i.e., they occur "in 
regimen") both either have or lack the article. Named after Apollonius 
Dyscolus, a grammarian of the second century a.d. It is usually handled in 
the grammars under a discussion of the genitive since the construction 
includes a head noun and a genitive noun."
     	(1) Articular:  ἐν  τούτῳ  φανερά  ἐστιν  τὰ  τέκνα  τοῦ  θεοῦ  =  by 
this the children of God are manifest (1Jn 3:10).  (2) Anarthrous: 
ἀγαπητοί,  νῦν  τέκνα  θεοῦ  ἐσμεν  =  dear friends, now we are children of 
God (1Jn 3:2).
•	Apollonius' canon states that in general two nouns in regimen (a noun 
qualified by a genitive noun) will both have articles or both are without 
them. This rule holds true more than eighty percent of the time. There are 
two basic modifications that will explain most exceptions: (1) the head noun 
may be anarthrous while the genitive qualifier is articular, especially if 
the head noun is the object of a preposition, a predicate nominative, or 
vocative; (2) either may be anarthrous if it is a proper name (including 
κύριος) even though the other may be articular.
ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου  =  the son of man (Mt 9:6).
ἡ βασιλεία τοῦ θεοῦ  =  the kingdom of God (Mk 4:26).
τὸν λόγον τοῦ θεοῦ  =  the word of God (Acts 13:5).

APOLLONIUS' COROLLARY:  "The rule that when one anarthrous noun governs 
another anarthrous noun (i.e., they occur "in regimen") both will normally 
have the same semantic force, whether definite, indefinite or qualitative. 
It is termed a corollary because it is related to Apollonius' canon."
•	"The corollary to this rule (Apollonius' Corollary), developed by David 
Hedges, is that when both nouns are anarthrous, both will usually have the 
same semantic force. That is, both will be, for example, definite (D-D), the 
most commonly shared semantic force. Somewhat less common is 
qualitative-qualitative (Q-Q). The least likely semantic force is 
indefinite-indefinite (I-I). Further, although not infrequently was there a 
one-step difference between the two substantives (e.g., D-Q), only rarely 
did the two nouns differ by two steps (either I-D or D-I). Hedges worked 
only in the Pauline letters, but his conclusions are similar to other work 
done in the rest of the NT."

From: "Jarek Romanowski" <romanjaro at poczta.onet.pl>
Sent: Tuesday, February 01, 2011 5:15 PM
To: <b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org>
Subject: [B-Greek] Apollonius Canon source

> Dear friends at B-Greek,
> Daniel Wallace in his Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics mentioned about 
> Apollonius Canon (p. 250-252).
> Does somebody know where I can find the original "definition" of this 
> canon? Do you know the name and "a place" (chapter, no. of verse etc.) in 
> Apollonius work?
> Thank you for help
> Jarek Romanowski
> ---
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