[B-Greek] Augment in participle (John 1:6)
muzhogg at netspace.net.au
Mon Jul 26 04:14:06 EDT 2010
Thanks George, Richard and Carl for your various responses - very helpful.
Richard: yes, APOSTESTALMENOS does look a little ridiculous - although I wonder how many times it (or something like it) has turned up in Greek composition exercises? ;)
On 26/07/2010 7:53 AM, Carl Conrad wrote:
> Smyth seems to cover the topic pretty thoroughly in §§439-443. Much of this is tangled up with
> phonology and diachronic alterations to verb-stems.
> Carl W. Conrad
> Department of Classics, Washington University (Retired)
> On Jul 25, 2010, at 5:39 PM, Barry wrote:
>> ----- Original Message ----- From: "Murray Hogg"<muzhogg at netspace.net.au>
>> To: "B-Greek List"<b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org>
>> Sent: Sunday, July 25, 2010 5:05 PM
>> Subject: [B-Greek] Augment in participle (John 1:6)
>>> Dear B-Greekers,
>>> I'm puzzled by the construction of the perfect participle of apostellw (ἀποστέλλω) in John 1:6.
>>> Here the word is rendered apestalmenos (ἀπεσταλμένος).
>>> However, I understood that only the indicative takes the augment, so I would have expected apostalmenos (ἀποσταλμένος).
>>> Clearly I'm missing something and I was hoping that somebody might be able to suggest what that might be.
>> G'day, mate...
>> Did I say that right? :)
>> This is not an augment, but reduplication. "Verbs begining with a vowel, or with a double consonant, or with two more consonants other than a mute and a liquid, have a reduplication identical with augment." (C&S p. 174).
>> One of my Greek prof's in college sometimes called it "spurious augment," thought I've never seen or heard the terminology anwywhere else.
>> N.E. Barry Hofstetter
>> Classics and Bible Instructor, TAA
>> (2010 Savatori Excellence in Education Winner)
>> Mentor, TNARS
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