[B-Greek] Augment in participle (John 1:6)

Carl Conrad cwconrad2 at mac.com
Sun Jul 25 17:53:59 EDT 2010


Smyth seems to cover the topic pretty thoroughly in §§439-443. Much of this is tangled up with
phonology and diachronic alterations to verb-stems.


Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Retired)

On Jul 25, 2010, at 5:39 PM, Barry wrote:

> 
> ----- Original Message ----- From: "Murray Hogg" <muzhogg at netspace.net.au>
> To: "B-Greek List" <b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org>
> Sent: Sunday, July 25, 2010 5:05 PM
> Subject: [B-Greek] Augment in participle (John 1:6)
> 
> 
>> Dear B-Greekers,
>> 
>> I'm puzzled by the construction of the perfect participle of apostellw (ἀποστέλλω) in John 1:6.
>> 
>> Here the word is rendered apestalmenos (ἀπεσταλμένος).
>> 
>> However, I understood that only the indicative takes the augment, so I would have expected apostalmenos (ἀποσταλμένος).
>> 
>> Clearly I'm missing something and I was hoping that somebody might be able to suggest what that might be.
> 
> G'day, mate...
> 
> Did I say that right?  :)
> 
> This is not an augment, but reduplication.  "Verbs begining with a vowel, or with a double consonant, or with two more consonants other than a mute and a liquid, have a reduplication identical with augment."  (C&S p. 174).
> 
> One of my Greek prof's in college sometimes called it "spurious augment," thought I've never seen or heard the terminology anwywhere else.
> 
> N.E. Barry Hofstetter
> Classics and Bible Instructor, TAA
> http://www.theamericanacademy.net
> (2010 Savatori Excellence in Education Winner)
> Mentor, TNARS
> http://www.tnars.net
> 
> http://my.opera.com/barryhofstetter/blog
> http://mysite.verizon.net/nebarry
> 
> ---
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