[B-Greek] Titus 2:13

George F Somsel gfsomsel at yahoo.com
Sun Jul 25 14:08:50 EDT 2010

1, 2 and 6 are incorrect.  

2.6. The GranvilleSharpRule
In the early nineteenth century, GranvilleSharpdeveloped a rule (one of several) 
regarding use of the article with substantives in NT Greek. Unfortunately, this 
rule has been widely misunderstood. GranvilleSharp’s rule states simply that if 
a single article links two or more singular substantives (excluding personal 
names), the second and subsequent substantives are related to or further 
describe the first.2
Eph. 3.18: τὸ πλάτος καὶ μῆκος καὶ ὕψος καὶ βάθος(the breadth and length and 
height and depth), with four units of measure joined together.
Acts 26.30: ὁ βασιλεὺς καὶ ὁ ἡγεμών(the king and the governor), where the king 
and the governor are separate people.
There are some examples which are not covered by Sharp’s rule.
Jn 20.28: ὁ κύριός μου καὶ ὁ θεός μου(my lord and my God), where the article is 
repeated for the same individual. Sharp’s rule does not address instances where 
items with individual articles may be equated.
Mt. 17.1: τὸν Πέτρον καὶ Ἰάκωβον καὶ Ἰωάννην τὸν ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῦ(Peter and James 
and John his brother), where one article covers several personal names; cf. Mk 
9.2, where an article precedes each name. Sharp’s rule does not apply to 
personal names.
Several significant difficulties with Sharp’s rule have arisen. One difficulty 
is the resistance by some to the implications of his analysis for treatment of 
certain passages.
Tit. 2.13: τῆς δόξης τοῦ μεγάλου θεοῦ καὶ σωτῆρος ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ; cf. also 2 
Pet. 1.1, 11; 2.20; 3.18; Eph. 5.20. Should this passage be translated ‘the 
glory of our great God and Saviour, Jesus Christ’ (a statement with 
christological implications), or ‘the glory of the great God and of our saviour, 
Jesus Christ,’ or ‘the glory of our great God, namely our saviour Jesus Christ’? 
Grammarians and commentators have differed in opinion, with Moulton and 
Robertson2 opting for the first on the basis of parallels in the papyri, as 
well as the application of Sharp’s rule, and with Winer3 arguing for the 
second on theological grounds.
Porter, S. E. (1999). Idioms of the Greek New Testament (110). Sheffield: JSOT.

… search for truth, hear truth, 
learn truth, love truth, speak the truth, hold the truth, 
defend the truth till death.

- Jan Hus

From: Tom Moore <tom at katabiblon.com>
To: b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org
Sent: Sun, July 25, 2010 9:38:20 AM
Subject: [B-Greek] Titus 2:13

προσδεχόμενοι τὴν μακαρίαν ἐλπίδα καὶ ἐπιφάνειαν τῆς δόξης τοῦ μεγάλου θεοῦ καὶ 
σωτῆρος ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ χριστοῦ,

Which of these are not valid translations of Ti. 2:13:

Awaiting the happy expectation and...
1) glorious appearance of Jesus Christ, [who is both] our great God, and [our] 
2) glorious appearance of [both] the great God, and of our savior Jesus Christ;
3) appearance of Jesus Christ, [who is both] the glory of the great God, and our 
4) appearance of Jesus Christ, [who is] the glory, [the glory] of our great God 
and savior; 

5) appearance of the glory of Jesus Christ, [who is both] our great God, and 
[our] savior;
6) appearance of [both] the glory the great God, and of our savior Jesus Christ.

Tom Moore
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