[B-Greek] how can one get the paradigm of a certain noun in greek

Sarah Madden sarah.r.madden at gmail.com
Tue Dec 21 05:32:45 EST 2010

Huen --
Another thing that would help you recognize any noun is to learn the
nominative case, genitive case, article, and definition (in that order). For
the word "night," you would learn both its nominative case (NUX), its
genitive case (NUKTOS), and its article (hH, which is feminine). This gives
a world of information since this is a third declension noun, which behaves
oddly (to us non-native Greek speakers).

For example, if you know "NUKTOS" is really the genitive form of NUX, then
you would recognize NUKTI as dative singular by the "I" ending. NUKTI has
the same first letters (NUKT-) as the genitive for NUX, and it has the
common dative ending.

For the word "night" (NUX), the paradigm would look like this (it is a
feminine, third declension noun):

NUX (nominative singular)
NUKTOS (genitive singular)
NUKTI (dative singular)
NUKTA (accusative singular)

NUKTES (nominative plural)
NUKTWN (genitive plural)
NUXI and/or NUXIN (?) (dative plural)
NUKTAS (accusative plural)

*NOTE:* The dative plural for NUX is apparently not in the NT or LXX, but
might start out as NUKTSI, and I'm guessing the "T" would drop off when it
merges with the "S" so that the next form would be NUKSI, but then the "K"
and "S" would merge to form the letter Ksi. The final form would be NUXI or
NUXIN. Any other scholars out there with a better thought on this form?

However -- there are SO many third declension patterns (paradigms), it would
help your reading to recognize first, the genitive form of a word, and
second, the case endings.

Sarah ><>
sarah.r.madden at gmail.com
work: 301.429.8189

On Sun, Dec 19, 2010 at 11:09 PM, Wong Hung Huen <hwhhwong at gmail.com> wrote:

> does anyone know how to get the paradigm of a certain noun in koine greek
> for example nuks(night)?
> thanks
> wong hung huen
> ---
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