[B-Greek] PERIFRONTES in 2 Cor 4:10 (or, prepositions and compounds)

Carl Conrad cwconrad2 at mac.com
Sat Apr 24 12:19:56 EDT 2010


On Apr 24, 2010, at 11:51 AM, Alex Poulos wrote:
> Greetings B-Greek, my question surrounds the περι in περιφεροντες (PERI in
> PERIFERONTES) in 2 Cor 4:10,
> 
> "παντοτε την νεκρωσιν του Ιησου εν τῳ σοματι περιφεροντες, ἵνα και ἡ ζωὴ του
> Ιησου εν τῳ σοματι ἡμων φανερωθῃ"
> "PANTOTE THN NEKRWSIN TOY IHSOU EN TW SOMATI PERIFRONTES, hINA KAI H ZWH TOU
> IHSOU EN TW SOMATI HMWN FANERWQH"
> 
> Pardon any errors in spelling/transliteration.
> 
> I'm wondering if the περι/PERI might ephasize "nearness" or "closeness" to
> the sufferings of Christ.  περι followed by an accusative denotes nearness
> according to BAGD, but I'm wondering if it's legitimate to have a
> preposition in a compound "applying beyond" the compound.  I know
> preposition compounds are difficult to deal with, and I simply don't know
> enough about how the language works to make a good judgment here.  My
> argument in the paper doesn't rest on this point, but it would fit nicely
> within the argument if it's at least plausible.

I don't think there's anything more involved here than "carry around": Paul says
that he "carries around" (with him) Jesus' process of dying in his person, so
that the vital essence of Jesus may also be evident in his person.

Think of PERIFERW as "carry around" as you think of PERIPATEW as "walk around."

I think that the closest parallel to 2 Cor 4:10 is probably Phil 3:8-11:
8 ἀλλὰ μενοῦνγε καὶ ἡγοῦμαι πάντα ζημίαν εἶναι διὰ τὸ ὑπερέχον τῆς γνώσεως Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ τοῦ κυρίου μου, δι᾿ ὃν τὰ πάντα ἐζημιώθην, καὶ ἡγοῦμαι σκύβαλα, ἵνα Χριστὸν κερδήσω  9 καὶ εὑρεθῶ ἐν αὐτῷ, μὴ ἔχων ἐμὴν δικαιοσύνην τὴν ἐκ νόμου ἀλλὰ τὴν διὰ πίστεως Χριστοῦ, τὴν ἐκ θεοῦ δικαιοσύνην ἐπὶ τῇ πίστει,  10 τοῦ γνῶναι αὐτὸν καὶ τὴν δύναμιν τῆς ἀναστάσεως αὐτοῦ καὶ [τὴν] κοινωνίαν [τῶν] παθημάτων αὐτοῦ, συμμορφιζόμενος τῷ θανάτῳ αὐτοῦ,  11 εἴ πως καταντήσω εἰς τὴν ἐξανάστασιν τὴν ἐκ νεκρῶν. 
[8 ALLA MENOUNGE KAI hHGOUMAI PANTA ZHMIAN EINAI DIA TO hUPERECON THS GNWSEWS CRISTOU IHSOU TOU KURIOU MOU, DI᾿ hON TA PANTA EZHMIWQHN, KAI hHGOUMAI SKUBALA, hINA CRISTON KERDHSW  9 KAI hEUREQW EN AUTWi, MH ECWN EMHN DIKAIOSUNHN THN EK NOMOU ALLA THN DIA PISTEWS CRISTOU, THN EK QEOU DIKAIOSUNHN EPI THi PISTEI,  10 TOU GNWNAI AUTON KAI THN DUNAMIN THS ANASTASEWS AUTOU KAI [THN] KOINWNIAN [TWN] PAQHMATWN AUTOU, SUMMORFIZOMENOS TWi QANATWi AUTOU,  11 EI PWS KATANTHSW EIS THN EXANASTASIN THN EK NEKRWN.]


Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Retired)






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