George F Somsel gfsomsel at yahoo.com
Wed Apr 21 00:18:50 EDT 2010

Another usage

ORQ.  EI hAI PNEUSQEISAI GRAFAI PAR' AUTOU QEOPNEUSTOI EISIN, TI AN ALLO EIH TO PNEUMA H QEOS?  MAKED.  THN TOU QEOU DIDASKALIAN DIHKONHSEN hHMIN, KAI DIA TOUTO AUTH hH DIDASKALIA QEOPNEUSTOS LEGETAI.. Εἰ αἱ πνευσθεῖσαι Γραφαὶ παρ' αὐτοῦ θεόπνευστοί εἰσιν, τί ἂν ἄλλο εἴη τὸ Πνεῦμα ἢ Θεός;  Μακεδ. Τὴν τοῦΘεοῦδιδασκαλίαν διηκόνησεν ἡμῖν, καὶ διὰ τοῦτο αὐτὴ ἡ διδασκαλία θεόπνευστος λέγεται. 

Athenasius, De sancta trinitate, 28.1236

… search for truth, hear truth, 
learn truth, love truth, speak the truth, hold the truth, 
defend the truth till death.

- Jan Hus

From: Barry <nebarry at verizon.net>
To: B- Greek <b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org>
Sent: Tue, April 20, 2010 6:56:59 PM
Subject: Re: [B-Greek] QEOPNEUSTOS

----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Cornell Machiavelli" <cornellmachiavelli at yahoo.com>
To: "B- Greek" <b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org>
Sent: Tuesday, April 20, 2010 9:42 PM
Subject: [B-Greek] QEOPNEUSTOS

> I'm not sure if this question is out of bounds, but I am trying to find 
> out why the word QEOPNEUSTOS has led theologians to conclude that this 
> word indicates that the text that is QEOPNEUSTOS must be error-free. Is 
> there anything in the etymology of this word that requires the conclusion 
> that a text that is partly (man was involved too) the result of 
> QEOPNEUSTOS is perfection in all respects? I'm not concerned with whether 
> anyone holds to inerrancy or not, I am just wondering about the 
> relationship between QEOPNEUSTOS and inerrancy.

The classic evangelical exposition of this was advanced by B.B. Warfield:


Essentially, the word should be translated as "God-breathed" (as a number of 
modern versions do).  If Scripture is "breathed out by God," it is the very 
words of God, and since God is without error, so must his word be without 

N.E. Barry Hofstetter
Classics and Bible Instructor, TAA
Mentor, TNARS


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