[B-Greek] Mark 7:18-19

Wieland Willker wie at uni-bremen.de
Sat Oct 31 16:17:42 EDT 2009

Chris Caragounis comments on the passage in his "Development
of Greek and the NT", 2004, p. 538-41. He writes:  

"On the other hand, the alternative reading KAQARIZON would
constitute the last of a long line of verbal forms
EKPOREUETAI) that have PAN TO as their subject. In this
case, the meaning would be: 'whatever enters into a man from
outside cannot defile him, since it does not enter his
heart, but his stomach, and goes out to the latrine purging
all foods.' This way of construing KAQARIZON is
syntactically unexceptionable. This seems to be the
understanding of the other alternatives (D, it, Sy-S)
mentioned above. The expression PAN TO refers to the
imagined uncleanness that one receives when eating with
unwashed hands. ... The exit of the waste from the body was
understood in antiquity as a cleansing or a purging. It must
be pointed out that precisely the verb KAQAITW/KAQARIZW
along with a number of other words derived from the same
stem, were used in ancient medicine of the purging of the
stomach (KOILIA). ... The language used here would,
consequently, be a natural way of expressing the view that
whatever unclean had entered into a man also came out
together with the other foods, and thus the KOILIA was
purged of them all. ... But precisely because this reading
gives good sense it may have been a deliberate correction
(though not necessarily) for the difficult reading of the
masculine participle. ... All things considered, the present
state of the (especially external) evidence renders the
chosen reading the better alternative, albeit not thoroughly

Those with access to the book should read it all. 

Best wishes
Wieland Willker, Bremen, Germany
mailto:wie at uni-bremen.de
Textcritical Commentary:

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