[B-Greek] Genre & Grounding

Carl Conrad cwconrad2 at mac.com
Fri Oct 16 19:41:40 EDT 2009


On Oct 16, 2009, at 5:28 PM, Elizabeth Kline wrote:

>
> John 19:12 ἐκ τούτου ὁ Πιλᾶτος ἐζήτει
> ἀπολῦσαι αὐτόν· οἱ δὲ Ἰουδαῖοι
> ἐκραύγασαν λέγοντες· ἐὰν τοῦτον
> ἀπολύσῃς, οὐκ εἶ φίλος τοῦ
> Καίσαρος· πᾶς ὁ βασιλέα ἑαυτὸν
> ποιῶν ἀντιλέγει τῷ Καίσαρι.
> .
> JOHN 19:12 EK TOUTOU hO PILATOS EZHTEI APOLUSAI AUTON· hOI DE  
> IOUDAIOI
> EKRAUGASAN LEGONTES· EAN TOUTON APOLUSHiS, OUK EI FILOS TOU  
> KAISAROS·
> PAS hO BASILEA hEAUTON POIWN ANTILEGEI TWi KAISARI
> .
> John 20:20 καὶ τοῦτο εἰπὼν ἔδειξεν τὰς
> χεῖρας καὶ τὴν πλευρὰν αὐτοῖς.
> ἐχάρησαν οὖν οἱ μαθηταὶ ἰδόντες
> τὸν κύριον.
> .
> JOHN 20:20 KAI TOUTO EIPWN EDEIXEN TAS CEIRAS KAI THN PLEURAN AUTOIS.
> ECARHSAN OUN hOI MAQHTAI IDONTES TON KURION.
> .
>
> How should we read  EK TOUTOU in EK TOUTOU hO PILATOS EZHTEI APOLUSAI
> AUTON? Is EK TOUTOU temporal or causal? Why?
> .
> Same question for IDONTES in hOI MAQHTAI IDONTES TON KURION,  temporal
> or causal? Why?

Barring some clear indication in the context that it must be "causal"  
I would prefer to understand each instance as fundamentally  
"sequential":
John 19:12 "Thereupon PIlate sought to release him ... "
John 20:20 "With these words he displayed his hands and ... "

I rather think that we sometimes try to draw these distinctions too  
sharply when such phraseology serves primarily as a narrative  
connector with what preceded; it's pretty much the sort of connector  
we see in Greek narrative ever since Homer:

Iliad 1.33 Ὣς ἔφατ’, ἔδεισεν δ’ ὃ γέρων  
καὶ ἐπείθετο μύθῳ· [hWS EFAT', EDEISEN D' hO GERWN  
KAI EPEIQETO MUQWi]
Iliad 1.43 Ὣς ἔφατ’ εὐχόμενος, τοῦ δ’  
ἔκλυε Φοῖβος Ἀπόλλων [hWS EFAT' EUCOMENOS, TOU D'  
EKLUE FOIBOS APOLLWN]

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Retired)






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