[B-Greek] Rm. 13:3b: "QELEIS..."

Mark Lightman lightmanmark at yahoo.com
Fri May 29 08:25:22 EDT 2009


You are very observant to notice this.  You're right, all the translations I checked
construe it as a question, and the Greek texts of  Westcott/Hort, Fodges, and 
Robinsom/Pierpont punctuate it as a question.  Only NA27/UBS3 has it as
a statement, followed by Zondervan's RGNT.  NA 27/UBS3 does not even have
a note.  Even the Modern Greek, though carrying no more evidentiary weight than
any other translation, construes it as a question: QELEIS ESU NA MH FOBASAI
THN EXOUSIA;
 
Of course, the minority view can be correct.  But QELEIS X? meaning
X seems to be an established idiom in rhetoric.  Cf. James 2:20
QELEIS DE GNWMAI Wi ANQRWPE KENE, hOTI H PISTIS
XWPIS TWN ERGWN ARGH ESTIN?  In both cases I would
say the sentence is a question more in tone than anything else. 
 
Mark L. 

--- On Fri, 5/29/09, A. J. Birch <AJB1212 at ono.com> wrote:


From: A. J. Birch <AJB1212 at ono.com>
Subject: [B-Greek] Rm. 13:3b: "QELEIS..."
To: "B-Greek" <b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org>
Date: Friday, May 29, 2009, 12:15 AM


"?? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ?? ????. ?????? ?? ?? ????????? ??? ????????· ?? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ?????·" (Romans 13:3)


"hOI GAR ARCONTES OUK EISIN FOBOS TWi AGAQWi ERGWi ALLA TWi KAKWi. QELEIS DE MH FOBEISQAI THN EXOUSIAN· TO AGAQON POIEI, KAI hEXEIS EPAINON EX AUTHS·" (Romans 13:3)

My question is about the phrase, "QELEIS DE MH FOBEISQAI THN EXOUSIAN·": all the Bible-versions I've consulted treat this phrase as a question, but my Greek text punctuates it as a statement; is there any GRAMMATICAL basis for either of these 'readings'?

Thankyou,

Andrew J. Birch
Palma de Mallorca, Spain
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