[B-Greek] (ELLHNOS

Carl Conrad cwconrad2 at mac.com
Tue May 26 05:48:14 EDT 2009

On May 26, 2009, at 12:45 AM, Kenneth Litwak wrote:

>  I read a commentary this weekend on Acts that claims that (ELLHNOS  
> could be understood as "Hellenized Israelite."  I find that  
> problematic but I have a question. Is there an unambiguous Greek  
> word that would have meant "Gentile" with no possibility of  
> confusion that Luke could have used to indicate someone was a non- 
> Israelite?  Thanks.

EQNIKOS appears 3x in Matthew in the sense of "Gentile" (5:47, 6:7,  
18:17) and it appears 1x in 3 John 7.
EQNOS is very common in the sense of "Gentile" -- especially in the  
Pauline letters

Louw & Nida: you might want to look at the whole doman §11.12-54,  
(Socio-religious) groups and classes of persons and members of such  

L&N 11.40 Ἕλλην [hELLHN] b, ηνος [HNOS] m: (an extended  
meaning of Ἕλληνa ‘Greek,’ 11.90) a person who is a Gentile  
in view of being a Greek — ‘Gentile, non-Jew, Greek.’ μὴ  
εἰς τὴν διασπορὰν τῶν Ἑλλήνων  
μέλλει πορεύεσθαι καὶ διδάσκειν  
POREUESQAI KAI DIDASK;EIN TOUS hELLHNAS]; ‘he is not likely, is he,  
to go to the Jews scattered among the Greeks and to teach the  
Greeks?’ Jn 7:35. Though the occurrence of Ἕλλην [hELLHN] in Jn  
7:35 could be interpreted as merely a reference to Greeks, it is  
probably a reference to Greeks as being Gentiles, and therefore  
Ἕλλην [hELLHN] b is classified here in the subdomain of socio- 
religious groups. The occurrence of Ἕλλην [hELLHN]in Ac 14:1  
(ὥστε πιστεῦσαι Ἰουδαίων τε καὶ  
Ελλήνων πολὺ πλῆθος [hWSTE PISTEUSAI IOUDAIWN TE  
KAI hELLHNWN POLU PLHQOS] ‘so that a large number of Jews and  
Gentiles believed’) is another instance of Ἕλλην [hELLHN]  
referring primarily to a socio-religious group rather than merely to  
Greeks as a nation.

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Retired)

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