[B-Greek] 2 Cor 3:14b - subject of KATARGEITAI

Carl Conrad cwconrad2 at mac.com
Mon May 18 13:47:03 EDT 2009

On May 18, 2009, at 11:24 AM, Iver Larsen wrote:

> ----- Original Message -----
> From: "Donald COBB" <docobb at orange.fr>
> To: "Iver Larsen" <iver_larsen at sil.org>; "B-Greek" <b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org 
> >
> Sent: 18. maj 2009 10:55
> Subject: Re: [B-Greek] 2 Cor 3:14b - subject of KATARGEITAI
>> In other words, ANAKALUPTW can, depending on the context, have a  
>> meaning quite close to
> And depending on the writer. The word has a curious distribution in  
> the LXX. Whereas APOKALUPTW is
> found evenly distributed from Genesis to Nahum (112 times), although  
> not in Daniel, ANAKALUPTW (28
> times) is only found in Job, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Daniel and a single  
> occurrence in Psalms. Language is
> funny, since morphologically ANAKALUPTW ought to correspond to  
> English "cover up", but "cover up" is
> expressed by KATAKALUPTW. The translator of Isaiah used both APO-  
> and ANA- where it is difficult to
> detect much difference in meaning.

ἀνακᾰλύπτω, Dor. ἀγκ-,
uncover, IG4.952.62 (Epid.); reveal, τι πρός τινα Plb.4 85.6;  
τινά, i. e. his character, Philoch.20; ἀ. λόγους use open  
speech, E.IA1146; ἀ. κάρα unveil oneself, Or. 294: so in Med.,  
unveil oneself, X.HG5.4.6.
remove a covering, βλεφάρων μὴ ἀνακαλυφθέντων  
Arist.Sens.444b25, cf. 2 Ep.Cor.3.14.

The fact, for what it's worth, is that ANA- and KATA- are used in more  
than one way in composition. ΚΑΤΑΝΕUV is "nod the head downards  
(forewards) in assent, while ANANEUW is "nod the head backwards in  
dissent or denial. ANAKALUPTW seeems to use the prefix that way:  
"remove the cover."

> Anyway, we are talking about Paul, and there is no evidence that he  
> used ANAKALUPTW in anything but
> its basic sense of lifting up a veil and thereby uncovering a face,  
> while there is ample evidence
> that he used APOKALUPTW in the sense of reveal. I'll just have to  
> disagree with Mr. Spicq's exegesis
> of this verse.
> But thanks for the discussion.
> Iver Larsen
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