[B-Greek] 2Pet. 1:17-18 FWNHS ENECQEISHS AUTWi

Elizabeth Kline kline_dekooning at earthlink.net
Tue May 12 17:10:59 EDT 2009


2Pet. 1:17 λαβὼν γὰρ παρὰ θεοῦ πατρὸς  
τιμὴν καὶ δόξαν φωνῆς ἐνεχθείσης  
αὐτῷ τοιᾶσδε ὑπὸ τῆς μεγαλοπρεποῦς  
δόξης· ὁ υἱός μου ὁ ἀγαπητός μου  
οὗτός ἐστιν εἰς ὃν ἐγὼ εὐδόκησα,  18  
καὶ ταύτην τὴν φωνὴν ἡμεῖς  
ἠκούσαμεν ἐξ οὐρανοῦ ἐνεχθεῖσαν  
σὺν αὐτῷ ὄντες ἐν τῷ ἁγίῳ ὄρει.

2PET. 1:17 LABWN GAR PARA QEOU PATROS TIMHN KAI DOXAN FWNHS ENECQEISHS  
AUTWi TOIASDE hUPO THS MEGALOPREPOUS DOXHS· hO hUIOS MOU hO AGAPHTOS  
MOU hOUTOS ESTIN EIS hON EGW EUDOKHSA,  18 KAI TAUTHN THN FWNHN hHMEIS  
HKOUSAMEN EX OURANOU ENECQEISAN SUN AUTWi ONTES EN TWi hAGIWi OREI


R. Bauckham (Jude,2Pet WBC p. 219) remarks on a *perceived*  
discrepancy between FWNHS ENECQEISHS AUTWi and the words quote hO  
hUIOS MOU hO AGAPHTOS MOU hOUTOS ESTIN EIS hON EGW EUDOKHSA. The  
referent of AUTWi is Jesus but the quoted FWNH is addressed not to  
Jesus but to those present at the transfiguration(?).  My question:  
Does FWNHS ENECQEISHS AUTWi really imply that Jesus was the addressee?  
That is probably the most obvious way to read it but is it really  
required by the idiom?

The use of FERW with speech acts, written messages, and other forms of  
communication is an idiom(?) that goes back to Homer[1]. The  
metaphor(?) appears to account for the fact that messages were  
transported from one place to another by a messenger who carried the  
verbal message or the written document. I haven't really studied all  
the examples, but I did look up the citations in BDAG  (no other  
datives) and the LSJ examples w/dat,  all of which appear to use the  
dative as the addressee; Hom. Iliad 10:288,15:201, Soph. Ajax 781.

Even though I didn't find any supporting examples, it seems that the  
dative pronoun in  FWNHS ENECQEISHS AUTWi could be used to mark the  
person who is the beneficiary of the FWNHS but not the addressee. In  
other words the voice speaks to bear wittiness to Jesus in his  
presence but does not address the words to Jesus. [a.k.a. dative of  
advantage or dativus commodi]


Elizabeth Kline



[1] LSJ FERW IV.4

4. MUQON F. TINI bring one word, Hom. Il. 10.288, au=Hom. Il. 15.202;  
AGGELIHN F. bring a message, IBIDau=Hom. Il. 15.175=lr, Hom. Od.  
1.408; LOGON Pind. P. 8.38; EPISTOLAS F. TINI Soph. Aj. 781, cf.  
ti=Soph. Trach. 493; EPISTOLHN Xen. Ages. 8.3: hence, tell, announce,  
PEUQW, FATIN, Aesch. Seven 370, ti=Aesch. Ag. 9; SAFES TI PRAGOS  
IDEMAesch. Pers. 248 (troch.), cf. ti=Aesch. Ag. 639, etc.; report,  
AGHN (breakages) PCair.Zen.15r27 (iii B. C.); F. KECWNEUKWS reports  
that he has . . , IBIDau=PCair.Zen. 15r741.26=lr, cf. au=PCair.Zen.  
147.4, au=PCair.Zen. 268.24 (all iii B. C.); enter, book a payment  
made, PBaden47.12:—

# Med., LOGOUS F. Eur. Supp. 583; but also AGGELIAS EPOS OISHi thou  
shalt have it brought thee, receive, IDEMEur. Phoen. 1546 (lyr.);  
MANTHI+A . . FERONTAI Hes.Fr.134.9:—

# Pass., QANATON ANAGKH FERESQAI TOU DIAQEMENOU the death of the  
testator must be announced, Ep.Heb.au=Hes. Fr. 9.16.

  BDAG FERW  2Pet 1:17,18,21, 2:11, Jn 18:29 acc. with KATA, Acts 25:7  
v.l.,25:18, 2Jn10

Interesting by probably not relevant:

2Pet. 2:10 μάλιστα δὲ τοὺς ὀπίσω σαρκὸς  
ἐν ἐπιθυμίᾳ μιασμοῦ πορευομένους  
καὶ κυριότητος καταφρονοῦντας.  
τολμηταὶ αὐθάδεις, δόξας οὐ  
τρέμουσιν βλασφημοῦντες,  11 ὅπου  
ἄγγελοι ἰσχύϊ καὶ δυνάμει μείζονες  
ὄντες οὐ φέρουσιν κατ᾿ αὐτῶν παρὰ  
κυρίου βλάσφημον κρίσιν.

2PET. 2:10 MALISTA DE TOUS OPISW SARKOS EN EPIQUMIAi MIASMOU  
POREUOMENOUS KAI KURIOTHTOS KATAFRONOUNTAS. TOLMHTAI AUQADEIS, DOXAS  
OU TREMOUSIN BLASFHMOUNTES,  11 hOPOU AGGELOI ISCUI KAI DUNAMEI  
MEIZONES ONTES OU FEROUSIN KAT᾿ AUTWN PARA KURIOU BLASFHMON KRISIN.

2Pet. 2:11 does not employ the dative, but note the addressee  
(unspecified) is not identical with the target of the blasphemy OU  
FEROUSIN KAT᾿ AUTWN PARA KURIOU BLASFHMON KRISIN.

2Pet. 1:21 οὐ γὰρ θελήματι ἀνθρώπου  
ἠνέχθη προφητεία ποτέ, ἀλλὰ ὑπὸ  
πνεύματος ἁγίου φερόμενοι ἐλάλησαν  
ἀπὸ θεοῦ ἄνθρωποι.

2PET. 1:21 OU GAR QELHMATI ANQRWPOU HNECQH PROFHTEIA POTE, ALLA hUPO  
PNEUMATOS hAGIOU FEROMENOI ELALHSAN APO QEOU ANQRWPOI.






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