[B-Greek] 1 John 1.9 Ed Glasscock in latest BibSac

Eddie Mishoe edmishoe at yahoo.com
Thu May 7 15:07:50 EDT 2009

> Eddie,

> Are you saying that 1 John 2:18 (ercetai) is not referring to the future?

Yes. Remember this verse is saying that you HEARD (in the past) the following: "The antichrist is coming" (perhaps now, perhaps later, but he IS coming). So, the important thing to see here is the idea that the antichrist can come at any moment; we have no temporal knowledge of when that is. Remember, John is NOT telling his readers that the antichrist is NOT coming today but some time in the future. I think this is intuitively obvious. The normal expression for events that have no definite time as to when they will occur, the Present Tense must be used, since the event could happen while the very sentence is being written or spoken.

> Wallace's GGBB (535-537) discusses the "Futuristic
> Present" and calls it quite common.
> I personally am quite suspicious of saying the futuristic
> present is emphasizing the "certainty of what will
> happen."  To use an English example, If I ask someone
> what she is planning on doing tomorrow, and she says,
> "I am going to the museum," I don't
> necessarily see this futuristic present as emphasizing
> certainty (or even emphatic--as Wallace suggests).  At this
> point, the whole exercise starts to feel like talking about
> the Aorist as a one-time act.  To put it in a different way,
> is the surety of Jesus' "coming" in the
> character of God's promise, or intrinsic to the
> "futuristic present?"

Dave, are you familiar with deictic centers? Look at your example: If I ask someone what she is planning on doing tomorrow, and she says, "I am going to the museum..."

You have asked her to respond in relation to "tomorrow." So, she should answer you, assuming you asked Monday, as if it were Tuesday. And if you fast forward to Tuesday, her response is temporally correct. This is why deictic centers are as critical as whether or not a temporal proposition is being made. For example, I hate hotdogs is not intended to be a temporal proposition. I do not mean, I presently hate hotdogs." Such a proposition could be made in a particular context, as in "you just finished eating 50 hotdogs, how do you feel now?" In other words, the context must always be analyzed before a Present Tense verb is analyzed. 

Eddie Mishoe


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