[B-Greek] Didache's use of Apostles/Prophets to Apostle/Prophet

Bryant J. Williams III bjwvmw at com-pair.net
Sun May 3 01:12:13 EDT 2009

Dear Mitch,

It would not surprise me that reference to "apostles and teachers" is used
interchangeably with "prophets" since the book is very close in its use of the
LXX, quoting Matthew almost verbatim, use of literal interpretation instead of
allegorical interpretation.

William Varner, Greek professor at The Master's College, has written on The
Didache, both in articles and book form.

    The Didache's Use of the Old and New Testament, TMSJ 16/1 (Spring 2005)

What the "Teaching" Can Teach Us, Christianity Today, June, 2006.


    The Way of the Didache: The First Christian Handbook.
Publisher: University Press of America
Pub. Date: February 2007
ISBN: 0761837140
ISBN-13: 9780761837145

Aaron Milavec,
    The Didache: Faith, Hope, & Life of the Earliest Christian Communities,
50-70 C.E. (Hardcover)

These are the two most recent works.

En Xristwi,

Rev. Bryant J. Williams III
----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Mitch Larramore" <mitchlarramore at yahoo.com>
To: "B Greek" <b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org>
Sent: Saturday, May 02, 2009 11:25 AM
Subject: [B-Greek] Didache's use of Apostles/Prophets to Apostle/Prophet

> I saw in the archives that a topic of this nature was "CLOSED' but I don't
think I'm after anything controversial or theological.
> We are all reminded in GGBB the rules of Granville Sharp, particularly the
plural use with personal nouns/substantives. So the Art/Subst./KAI/Subst, if the
Substantives are plural (which therefore the Art will be plural), then these do
NOT refer to the same group of people.
> That said, I have a question about the use of this in the Didache with
reference to PERI DE TWN APOSTOLWN KAI PROFHTWN in "chapter/section" 11.
Although this chapter/section initially refers to TWN APOSTOLWN KAI PROFHTWN, it
uses the terms interchangeably and then only refers to the PROFHTWN, the term
APOSTOLOS no longer being used in this context.
> For example, and I know some number this chapter/section differently, but in
The Apostolic Fathers, edited by Holmes, we have in 11.6 EXERCOMENOS DE hO
> So hO APOSTOLOS who leaves, if AITHi (he = APOSTOLOS) money, he (APOSTOLOS) is
a false-"PROFHTHS," not a false-"APOSTOLOS." Here, the author starts with
APOSTOLOS and concludes about this APOSTOLOS as being a YEUDOPROFHTHS.
> Thus, my question is about the absolute nature of the plural pronouns in this
"rule." I realize that Dr. Wallace states there is no known exception to this
principal (with plural substantives), even in secular documents (I'm
paraphrasing from memory), but how is it possible for the author of the Didache
to use the initial plural terms interchangeably in the immediate section,
switching to the singular. (The use of the two offices Elders and Deacons would
seem to me to give it a very early date.)
> Mitch Larramore
> Sugar Land, Texas
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