[B-Greek] Etymology

George F Somsel gfsomsel at yahoo.com
Sun Jun 28 12:36:58 EDT 2009


εἶναι τὰ ἔθνη συγκληρονόμα καὶ σύσσωμα καὶ συμμέτοχα τῆς ἐπαγγελίας ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ διὰ τοῦ εὐαγγελίου, 
EINAI TA EQNH SUGKLHRONOMA KAI SUSSWMA KAI SUMMETOXA THS EPAGGELIAS EN XRISTWi IHSOU DIA TOU EUAGGELIOU

The SU prefix of which you speak is simply the combination of the word with the preposition σύν.  We see several in instances in this passage:  συγκληρονόμα SUGKLHRONOMA, σύσσωμα SUSSWMA and συμμέτοχα SUMMETOXA.  It takes slightly different forms depending upon what the first letter of the word with which it is combined happens to be.  

 george
gfsomsel 


… search for truth, hear truth, 
learn truth, love truth, speak the truth, hold the truth, 
defend the truth till death.


- Jan Hus
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________________________________
From: Carl Conrad <cwconrad2 at mac.com>
To: Bill Shea <bshea at ksu.edu>
Cc: b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org
Sent: Sunday, June 28, 2009 7:32:48 AM
Subject: Re: [B-Greek] Etymology

On Jun 28, 2009, at 10:00 AM, Bill Shea wrote:

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[CWC as BG Co-Chair] The message as sent to list-members was truncated  
because of its original multi-part MIME format; our list software  
strips away formatting that is not or that cannot be co;nverted to  
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========
From: Bill Shea <bshea at ksu.edu>
Date: June 28, 2009 10:00:22 AM EDT
To: b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org
Subject: Etymology

I am interested in the etymology of the Greek prefix SU, particularly  
as it relates to Ephesians 3:6.

Bill Shea

P.S. This is my first posting to the list. I just found it today.
=========
The text in question:
Eph. 3:6 εἶναι τὰ ἔθνη συγκληρονόμα καὶ  
σύσσωμα καὶ συμμέτοχα τῆς  
ἐπαγγελίας ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ διὰ τοῦ  
εὐαγγελίου,
[EINAI TA EQNH SUGKLHRONOMA KAI SUSSWMA KAI SUMMETOCA THS EPAGGELIAS  
EN CRISTWi IHSOU DIA TOU EUAGGELIOU.[

The prefix appearing in the three adjectives here, SUGKLHRONOMA,  
SUSSWMA, and SUMMETOCA, is actually not SU- but rather SUN, identical  
with the preposition SUN, ordinarily Englished as "with" or "together  
with" or "in company with." The -N- of SUN- as prefix regularly  
assimilates to a following consonant.

I don't know that there's really anything particularly useful to say  
about the etymology of SUN-; in older Ionic and Attic dialects one  
finds it as XUN (ξυν)with a cognate adjective XUNOS  [ξυνός,  
ή, όν ] that is synonymous with KOINOS [κοινός, -η, -ον] in  
sense.

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Retired)



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