[B-Greek] Galatians 1:6-7
kline_dekooning at earthlink.net
Wed Jun 10 17:40:34 EDT 2009
On Jun 10, 2009, at 11:27 AM, Steve Runge wrote:
> Here is an excerpt from my blog post that accounts for both your
> cited exception from 2 Cor, and that from Cooper.
> What about εἰ μή? Can it be used in non-negative contexts? The
> answer in most every case is “no”. But there is one exception
> (pun intended): rhetorical questions. This apparent exception
> confused me even more than the original problem, since it seemed to
> break with the expected pattern of negation. Then I realized that
> even though the rhetorical questions are technically positive, they
> expected a negative answer where εἰ μή was used . In other
> words, the expected answer to the question is nothing or no one.
> "To summarize, here is my claim: Although there are several
> contrastive or adversative particles, the key to distinguishing
> ἀλλὰ from εἰ μή is the relation of replacement to the
> original set of items that is replaced/corrected.
ξένη τίς ἡ γραῦς ἡ κακορροθοῦσά σε;
αὕτη Θεονόη Πρωτέως.
μὰ τὼ θεὼ
εἰ μὴ Κρίτυλλά γ᾽ Ἀντιθέου
σὺ δ᾽ εἶ πανοῦργος.
XENH TIS hH GRAUS hH KAKORROQOUSA SE;
hAUTH QEONOH PRWTEWS.
MA TW QEW
EI MH KRITULLA G᾽ ANTIQEOU GARGHTTOQEN:
SU D᾽ EI PANOURGOS.
Steve, I don't see how it could apply here. I have never read this
play, not even in English. The nearest interrogative is a different
speaker, EURIPIDHS who asks XENH TIS hH GRAUS hH KAKORROQOUSA SE;.
Then we see a reply by MNHSILOCOS which is then countered by an object
from GUNH G (woman #3). MA TW QEW looks like an exclamation or an
expletive of some sort, not relevant to our question. EI MH appears to
introduce a correction/contradiction to the answer given by
MNHSILOCOS. So I can sort of understand why Cooper might say EI MH
here functions like ALLA. However, reading EI MH as simple adversative
here doesn't seem to work. It appears to function also as a negation.
Regardless, there doesn't appear to by any rhetorical question with an
implied negative answer.
I found Iver's samples very interesting, but I will let him answer
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