[B-Greek] 2 Thess 2:13

Iver Larsen iver_larsen at sil.org
Tue Jun 9 01:12:38 EDT 2009

----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Jason Kenney" <please_come_soon at yahoo.com>
To: <b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org>
Sent: 8. juni 2009 05:33
Subject: [B-Greek] 2 Thess 2:13

> Hi all,
> My question has to do with the phrase "εις σωτηριαν εν αγιασμω πνευματος και 
> πιστει αληθειας" in 2 Thess 2:13.
> I am having a hard time figuring out the logic of the ESV which renders it " 
> to be saved, through sanctification by the Spirit and belief in the truth."
> What grounds are there for making εις σωτηριαν so implicitly verbal? It looks 
> like the translators there also see the second clause ( εν αγιασμω πνευματος 
> και πιστει αληθειας) as modifying the "to be saved" as if it were the 
> controlling verb.
> Can someone tell me what I am missing? I am not really interested in whether 
> the ESV is correct in its rendering, I am just looking for guesses at their 
> reasoning...
> Thanks so much!
> Jason Kenney

ὅτι εἵλατο ὑμᾶς ὁ θεὸς ἀπαρχὴν εἰς σωτηρίαν ἐν ἁγιασμῷ πνεύματος καὶ πίστει 

SWTHRIA is a verbal noun, and it is often necessary to translate a verbal noun 
by the corresponding verb in order not to lose the intended meaning, especially 
if the Greek construction is complex with many prepositions.

The EN phrase you mention does semantically connect to SWTHRIA explaining the 
means by which salvation is obtained, and this is easier to see in English when 
a verb is used. An alternative if you want to keep the noun would be to 
explicate the verbal idea implied in EIS: "to receive salvation".

Although the ESV belongs to the category of literal translations, they 
apparently decided that keeping the Greek noun as a noun in English would not 
communicate the intended meaning clearly enough.

Iver Larsen
Bible Translation Consultant 

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