Carl Conrad cwconrad2 at mac.com
Fri Nov 28 19:11:25 EST 2008

On Nov 28, 2008, at 6:24 PM, Jeffrey B. Gibson wrote:

> I'm having a senior moment here in my inability to parse ELQATW  and
> AFIOMEN (the first a variant reading in Lk 11:2a; the second a variant
> reading in Mt. 6:12).  What am I missing?

Something really rather simple: the kinds of change that Koine Greek  
is undergoing at this period:
(1) Second-aorists are being conjugated with the alpha-endings (or  
alpha vowel) of the first-aorist; in later Greek ALL past tenses are  
conjugated with alpha endings. At any rate: ELQATW = older ELQETW: 3  
sg. aor. (act.) imperative;
(2) MI-verbs are being conjugated increasingly as Omega-verbs; thus  
AFIW is the omega-verb equivalent of AFIHMI. Thus AFIOMEN = AFIEMEN: 1  
pl. pres. act. indicative.

But we see both older and newer forms of the same verbs in the GNT,  
even within the same NT book.

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Retired)

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