[B-Greek] Fwd: Aorist Indicative Example

James Spinti JSpinti at Eisenbrauns.com
Tue May 13 08:58:59 EDT 2008

Caragounis has a good chapter--actually I think it is only a portion of
a chapter--on the tense/aspect of Koine Greek in his monster tome "The
Development of Greek and the New Testament" from Baker Academic/Mohr
Siebeck. As most of you know, I have my disagreements with much in the
book, but this particular section is very good and a healthy corrective
to the "Aspect only" camp.

[Maybe I'll get off his "bad-boy" list now :)]
James Spinti
Marketing Director, Book Sales Division
Eisenbrauns, Good books for more than 30 years
Specializing in Ancient Near Eastern and Biblical Studies
jspinti at eisenbrauns dot com
Web: http://www.eisenbrauns.com
Phone: 574-269-2011 ext 226
Fax: 574-269-6788 

-----Original Message-----
From: b-greek-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org
[mailto:b-greek-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org] On Behalf Of Ken Penner
Sent: Tuesday, May 13, 2008 8:49 AM
To: Randall Buth; greek B-Greek
Subject: Re: [B-Greek] Fwd: Aorist Indicative Example

Hi Randall,

It might be helpful to listers also to explain that the aorist tenses in
1 Pet 1:24 are simply the aorist tenses from the Greek Isaiah 40:7,
which by convention translate the "perfect" tenses in the Hebrew Isaiah
40:7. I believe this "conventional" translation is what you call
"literal translation" in your 1984 JSNT article "Hebrew Poetic Tenses
and the Magnificat."
Interested listers might also consult Beat Zuber's work on the
translation of tenses from Hebrew to Greek.

Ken M. Penner, Ph.D.
Acadia Divinity College
Hebrew and Greek vocabulary memorization software:

The change from ENESTWS to AORISTOS should be accounted for
beyond saying that the sentence is a general principle. The opposite
direction of change occurs in 1 Pet 1:24, following Hebrew/LXX where
the aorist is a proverbial example 'the grass dried the flower fell off
[as they always do] and the word of the Lord remains forever [which
goes far beyond any specific example]. One does not say in this
example that the grass is semantically a 'present' time. It is an
omnitemporal example, habitual, potentially present, but not
actually present.
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