[B-Greek] Mark 12.24

Iver Larsen iver_larsen at sil.org
Fri May 9 11:11:37 EDT 2008


----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Mitch Larramore" <mitchlarramore at yahoo.com>
To: "B Greek" <b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org>
Sent: 9. maj 2008 06:07
Subject: [B-Greek] Mark 12.24


EFH AUTOIS hO IHSOUS OU DIA TOUTO PLANASQE MH EIDOTES
TAS GRAFAS MHDE THN DUNAMIN TOU QEOU

...

Can this be translated differently, maybe something
like:

For this reason you are deceived, with the result that
you do not know the Scriptures or the power of God.
-------------------------

No, you have gotten the reason-result backwards. The result is stated first: You have gone astray! 
Then comes the reason: You don't understand the Scriptures (properly) and you don't know the power 
of God.

hOUTOS (TOUTO) can in principle refer both forwards and backwards. In this case, there is no 
preceding text it can point to, since OU DIA TOUTO is the beginning of the discourse. (A speech is 
an embedded discourse.) So, TOUTO must point to what is coming: You are mislead, aren't you, for 
this very reason, namely that you do not know...
Or in more natural English: You have gone astray because you simply don't understand...

The NET bible and several other English versions did not handle this well.

This use of a kataphoric hOUTOS is a common way of highlighting the following reason clause.

Iver Larsen 




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