[B-Greek] FAINW in the subjunctive

George F Somsel gfsomsel at yahoo.com
Thu Jan 24 05:22:07 EST 2008

For the aor pass subj of FAINW see Iliad 19.375

ὡς δ' ὅτ' ἂν ἐκ πόντοιο σέλας ναύτῃσι φανήῃ  375

καιομένοιο πυρός, τό τε καίεται ὑψόθ' ὄρεσφι

σταθμῷ ἐν οἰοπόλῳ: 
… search for truth, hear truth, 
learn truth, love truth, speak the truth, hold the truth, 
defend the truth till death.
 - Jan Hus

----- Original Message ----
From: Stephen Baldwin <stbaldwi at hotmail.com>
To: B- Greek <b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org>
Sent: Wednesday, January 23, 2008 10:19:29 PM
Subject: [B-Greek] FAINW in the subjunctive

Ladies and Gentlemen:
Just when you thought it was safe...
I was wondering whether someone might be able to assist with a trivial
 morphing question.
Matt6:5 the hypocrites stand where they do so they might be seen by
 men. The word is FANWSIN preceded by hOPWS. Obviously a 3P-Subj.
And I got to wonder ['cos I wonder about such oddities] -- Is the only
 difference between 3P-A-A-Subj and 3P-A-P-Subj the accent?
I note that the [liquid] aorist active stem is EFANA and the aorist
 passive stem is EFANH[N] [Mounce MBG] meaning that in the subjunctive they
 would use the same stem. Smythe curiously lists the A-A-Ind as EFHNA
 [ss402, the only reference I could find to this form] and so his
 3P-A-A-Subj is FHNWSI and 3P-A-P-Subj is FANWSI so they are obviously
Carson [Greek Accents] notes that W verbs in the subjunctive exhibit
 recessive accenting except for aorist passive [VR13].
I have searched in vain for a definitive answer to this. So, is the
 3P-A-A-Subj different from the 3P-A-P-Subj only in that the former has an
 acute on the A and the latter has a circumflex on the W?
Trust this makes sense and I have not missed anything obvious...
Steve Baldwin
stbaldwi at hotmail.com
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