[B-Greek] 1 Pt 4.2

frjsilver at optonline.net frjsilver at optonline.net
Tue Sep 18 20:47:29 EDT 2007

So clean, so simple!

Thanks, Dr Buth!

Fr James Silver

----- Original Message -----
From: Randall Buth 
Date: Tuesday, September 18, 2007 1:04 pm
Subject: [B-Greek] 1 Pt 4.2
To: B-Greek 

> >
> This question deals with word order:
> I realize Greeks have flexibility in word order, but
> I'm assuming even then there is some reason for the
> order. Does EIS TO go with BIWSAI? And if so, why is
> BIWSAI between SARKI and CRONON? I can't make sense
> out of it reading it in English.>
> * * *
> Mitch, this is a nice question and it looks like you're already 
> halfway there.
> It helps to read phrases like this, sense unit by sense unit, 
> and to
> consider the relative rank of the pieces in relation to each 
> other. In
> that way the text will open itself up to the reader.
> EIS TO this opens up the construction, which is typically a
> purpose/future-result clause in KOINE
> MHKETI ANQRWPWN EPIQUMIAIS this phrase is fronted relative to the
> infinitive, is marked, and seems to restate a result of 'having ceased
> of sin' from the previous context. While some might call this Focus,
> the following marked phrase appears to carry a heightened importance,
> outranking this Contextualization. That is, this phrase serves 
> as a
> contextualizing starting point for the main point to follow. 
> (With the
> phrase itself ANQRWPWN is fronted to the head noun as a subordinated
> focus.)
> ALLA QELHMATI QEOY this, too, is fronted relative to the infinitive
> and provides a contrastive heightening with the first fronting. I
> would read it as Focus. The two phrases MHKETI ... and ALLA function
> as a joint fronted pairing, and the whole pair might be said to
> function as a Focus. And ..., we haven't reached the infinitive yet.
> TON EPILOIPON EN SARKI ... 'the remaining (time) in flesh' is also
> fronted before the infinitive and needs a 'relative' saliency reading.
> This relates to the 'flesh' and 'cease' mentioned in the previous
> verse. I read it as a Contextualization to BIWSAI. Two items attract
> attention for the grammarian and reader. a. The overall Focus of the
> paired items comes before this marked Contextualization. This
> (Focus--then Contextualization) is allowed in Greek but is not the
> more universal presentation of pragmatic ordering that goes from
> Contextualization to Focus. Hebrew, for example, does not use such
> orderings (besides abhorring a triple fronting). b. It is specifically
> the time 'in flesh, in the body' that is the link to the previous
> verse and is marked by fronting. The head noun XRONON 'time' was left
> in its unmarked position after the infinitive so that the
> contextualizing link thru SARKI would be clear.
> BIWSAI XRONON finally the structure is closed off.
> Anyway, this is real Greek, as they say.
> errwso
> Iwanhs
> -- 
> Randall Buth, PhD
> www.biblicalulpan.org
> χάρις ὑμῖν καὶ εἰρήνη πληθυνθείη
> שלום לכם וברכות
> ybitan at mscc.huji.ac.il
> randallbuth at gmail.com
> ---
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