[B-Greek] Matthew 5:19 translation and antecedent

Carl W. Conrad cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
Fri Sep 14 14:14:25 EDT 2007


On Sep 14, 2007, at 12:39 PM, Nelson D. Kloosterman wrote:

> Matthew 5:19 begins: hOS EAN OUN LUSHi MIAN TWN ENTOLWN TOUTWN TWN
> ELACISTWN.
>
> I am interested in the function of TOUTWN, leading to these two  
> questions:
>
> 1. Translation: can this properly be rendered "Whoever therefore  
> breaks
> one of these least commandments"? Most English versions render it:
> "Whoever therefore breaks one of the least of these commandments."
>
> 2. Antecedent: If the answer to 1. is affirmative, what is the
> antecedent of TOUTWN? Could it possibly refer back generally to the
> implied summons in Matthew 5:3-16? If the answer is negative, what is
> the antecedent of TOUTWN then?

I'm not absolutely sure I've got the right idea here, but the idea  
that I have is this: TWN ELACISTWN expands upon TWN ENTOLWN TOUTWN:  
"Whoever violates (even) one of these commandments, (even one of) the  
least (commandments), ... "

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Ret)




More information about the B-Greek mailing list