[B-Greek] Acts 13:32-33

Elizabeth Kline kline_dekooning at earthlink.net
Wed Sep 5 17:33:41 EDT 2007


ACTS 13:30 hO DE QEOS HGEIREN AUTON EK NEKRWN,  31 hOS WFQH EPI  
hHMERAS PLEIOUS TOIS SUNANABASIN AUTWi APO THS GALILAIAS EIS  
IEROUSALHM, hOITINES [NUN] EISIN MARTURES AUTOU PROS TON LAON.  32  
KAI hHMEIS hUMAS EUAGGELIZOMEQA THN PROS TOUS PATERAS EPAGGELIAN  
GENOMENHN,  33 hOTI TAUTHN hO QEOS EKPEPLHRWKEN TOIS TEKNOIS [AUTWN]  
hHMIN ANASTHSAS IHSOUN hWS KAI EN TWi YALMWi GEGRAPTAI TWi DEUTERWi:  
hUIOS MOU EI SU, EGW SHMERON GEGENNHKA SE.  34 hOTI DE ANESTHSEN  
AUTON EK NEKRWN MHKETI MELLONTA hUPOSTREFEIN EIS DIAFQORAN, hOUTWS  
EIRHKEN hOTI DWSW hUMIN TA hOSIA DAUID TA PISTA

RE:  the question about the referent of ANASTHSAS

My first take on this was to agree with Ivar, that ANASTHSAS in ACTS  
13:33 does not refer to the resurrection. Looking at the more recent  
commentaries on Acts, Barrett (ICC) builds a case for that reading  
sell also Bruce (NICNT 2nd ed.). However, the older works like Meyer  
and Alford state in absolute terms that ANASTHSAS in ACTS 13:33 must  
refer to the resurrection using the obvious arguments based on ACTS  
13:30 hO DE QEOS HGEIREN AUTON EK NEKRWN and 34 hOTI DE ANESTHSEN  
AUTON EK NEKRWN.

The biggest problem with the Alford, Meyer, ... reading is the  
presence of the quotation from Psalm 2:7. At first glance this seems  
to be a strange citation if ANASTHSAS refers to the resurrection.  
However, looking into the treatment of Hebrews 1:5a TINI GAR EIPEN  
POTE TWN AGGELWN: hUIOS MOU EI SU, EGW SHMERON GEGENNHKA SE;  
C.Koester (Heb. AB p191) "... most interpreters connect this text  
with Christ's resurrection and exaltation, since the quotation  
supports the exaltation of the Son mentioned in 1:2b ... [long list  
of references] and since in 5:5 (cf.7:28) it refers to the eternal  
high priest in heaven ... Similarly Acts 13:15-41 relates Ps 2:7 to  
Jesus' resurrection (Acts 13:33) ... and in Rom 1:4 ... " [end quote]

ROM. 1:3 PERI TOU hUIOU AUTOU TOU GENOMENOU EK SPERMATOS DAUID KATA  
SARKA,  4 TOU hORISQENTOS hUIOU QEOU EN DUNAMEI KATA PNEUMA  
hAGIWSUNHS EX ANASTASEWS NEKRWN, IHSOU CRISTOU TOU KURIOU hHMWN,

In our text Acts 13:30-34 we are dealing with a speech of Paul's  
(reported by Luke) and this Romans passage seems relieve some of the  
difficulty associated with the Psalm 2:7 quote and ANASTHSAS  
referring to the resurrection.


Elizabeth Kline







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