[B-Greek] Acts 13:32-33

Iver Larsen iver_larsen at sil.org
Wed Sep 5 11:40:24 EDT 2007

----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Steve Runge" <srunge at logos.com>

> Iver,
> I will take a shot at addressing the pronoun question.  I would agree that 
> it makes sense to understand hHMIN as part of the participial clause 
> rather than as an appositive.
> If it were the primary indirect object of the main verb, one expect it to 
> find it immediately following the verb.
> If these two phrases were in apposition, I would have expected hHMIN to be 
> the primary IO, with TOIS TEKNOIS (AUTWN) as the thematic appositive, not 
> the other way around.  Semantically redundant appositives often 
> recharacterize the referent in a specific way that is salient in the 
> context.
> Alternatively, if the pronoun were indeed intended to function as an 
> appositive to TOIS TEKNOIS (AUTWN) as the primary IO, the addition of an 
> ascensive KAI would be the most likely way of unambiguously marking this 
> ('even TO US').

This is also how I understand it, but you express it better.

> I did a search in OpenText's syntax database, based on how they analyzed 
> things, to look for similar structures.  They construe hHMIN as 
> appositional, so I looked for other places where a pronoun played a 
> similar role.  Thus the following list should be viewed as representative 
> rather than exhaustive.
> Searching for NPs that have a similar structure with a pronominal modifier 
> following an adjectival modifier of some kind, there are only 8 in the 
> GNT:  Lk 15:30, 32; 19:27; Acts 8:22; 13:33; Rom 7:24; 1 Cor 8:9; and 1 
> Pet 5:10.   With the exceptions of Acts 13:33 and 1 Pet 5:10, the 
> pronominal appositives/modifiers are all demonstratives.  This would make 
> sense, as the demonstrative helps to highlight the thematic salience of 
> the NP.  In 1 Pet 5:10, the pronoun AUTOS is used as an intensive pronoun, 
> accomplishing a similar task to the demonstrative.

For those with the demonstrative, I would say that the demonstrative is not 
an apposition, but functions as a modifier within the noun phrase. So none 
of these are comparable to Acts 13:33, nor is 1 Pet 5:10.

I found it hard to search for similar structures since I don't have a 
database with apposition tagged.
The most similar I could find in the GNT were:

where the pronoun precedes the noun.

I cannot imagine the pronoun following the noun.

Even in English, all translations change the order to: "us, their children" 
rather than "their children, us", but that is not much of an argument.

> As Act 13:33 is written, I would say that the function of hHMIN is 
> technically ambiguous, but I would cast my vote against it being read as 
> an appositive in favor of your reading, based on usage elsewhere I could 
> find.

Nice to know that we agree on this one.

Iver Larsen 

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