[B-Greek] John 2:15

Carl W. Conrad cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
Tue Sep 4 14:18:00 EDT 2007


On Sep 4, 2007, at 12:53 PM, reznik1 at juno.com wrote:

> I have a question concerning John 2:15.
> KAI POIHSAS FRAGELLION EK SCOINIWN PANTAS EXEBALEN EK TOU hIEROU TA  
> TE PROBATA KAI TOUS BOAS...
> For this NKJV has:
> When He had made a whip of cords, He drove them all out of the  
> temple, with the sheep and the oxen...
> The NIV gives:
> So he made a whip out of cords, and drove all from the temple area,  
> both sheep and cattle; he scattered the coins of the money changers  
> and overturned their tables.
> As I understand, according to the NKJV, as well as most of the  
> other versions, Jesus drove people (with the animals) with a whip,  
> but according to the NIV, He used the whip only for animals. It  
> seems to me that the NIV is more correct, not because I don't like  
> beating people, but because of how the Greek phrased is  
> constructed. Could you tell if I am wrong?

It's probably best to have both vss. 14 and 15 here:
John 2:14 	Καὶ εὗρεν ἐν τῷ ἱερῷ τοὺς  
πωλοῦντας βόας καὶ πρόβατα καὶ  
περιστερὰς καὶ τοὺς κερματιστὰς  
καθημένους,  15 καὶ ποιήσας  
φραγέλλιον ἐκ σχοινίων πάντας  
ἐξέβαλεν ἐκ τοῦ ἱεροῦ τά τε  
πρόβατα καὶ τοὺς βόας, καὶ τῶν  
κολλυβιστῶν ἐξέχεεν τὸ κέρμα καὶ  
τὰς τραπέζας ἀνέτρεψεν
John 2:14 KAI hEUREN EN TWi hIERWi TOUS PWLOUNTAS BOAS KAI PROBATA  
KAI PERISTERAS KAI TOUS KERMATISTAS KAQHMENOUS, 15 KAI POIHSAS  
FRAGELLION EK SCOINIWN PANTAS EXEBALEN EK TOU hIEROU TA TE PROBATA  
KAI TOUS BOAS, KAI TWN KOLLUBISTWN EXECEEN TO KERMA KAI TAS TREPEZAW  
ANETREYEN.

I can't see any reason why πάντας ἐξέβαλεν PANTAS  
EXEBALEN should not refer inclusively to ALL the persons named in  
verse 14: PANTAS is acc. pl. masc. One would not expect the masculine  
plural adjective to govern a TE ... KAI pair when the initial  
accusative in that pair is a neuter plural.

What is it in the phrasing of the Greek that makes you think PANTAS  
must refer only to TA TE PROBATA KAI TOUS BOAS?

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Ret)




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