[B-Greek] Thucidides - Semantics of the Battlefield, War

Elizabeth Kline kline_dekooning at earthlink.net
Fri Oct 12 13:54:55 EDT 2007


Most of the vocabulary here is familiar from the NT and LXX

Thucidides “Hist”, 4.41.1
	Κομισθέντων δὲ τῶν ἀνδρῶν οἱ  
Ἀθηναῖοι ἐβούλευσαν δεσμοῖς μὲν  
αὐτοὺς φυλάσσειν μέχρι οὗ τι  
ξυμβῶσιν, ἢν δ’ οἱ Πελοποννήσιοι  
πρὸ τούτου ἐς τὴν γῆν ἐσβάλωσιν,  
ἐξαγαγόντες ἀποκτεῖναι.


Thucidides HIST, 4.41.1
	KOMISQENTWN DE TWN ANDRWN hOI AQHNAIOI EBOULEUSAN  DESMOIS MEN  
AUTOUS FULASSEIN MECRI hOU TI XUMBWSIN, HN D' hOI PELOPONNHSIOI PRO  
TOUTOU ES THN GHN ESBALWSIN, EXAGAGONTES APOKTEINAI.

The high level cognitive frame here is War or Battlefield. That adds  
significant color to the semantics of words like KOMISQENTWN,  
EBOULEUSAN, XUMBWSIN, ESBALWSIN. Thucidides would be a good text for  
illusrating the principles of recent work in semantic theory.

NT vs. OT lexical semantic theory

Last night I was looking over an article on NT lexical semantics by  
D.Bock in a recent text book on NT exegesis. Apparently Bock isn't  
conversant with recent work in semantics. Most of his material  
appeared to be borrowed from books by J.P.Louw, D.Carson, and  
M.Silva.  All of these works are over 20 years old. Why is it that  
the semitic scholars are so far ahead of the NT Greek scholars? Case  
in point, R. de Blois of UBS who has published several significant  
papers and a monograph on the cognitive approach to lexical semantics.


Elizabeth Kline







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