[B-Greek] Mt 28:19 AUTOUS EIS TO ONOMA

Don Dwight dddwight1234 at sbcglobal.net
Wed Oct 3 18:59:38 EDT 2007


Does  Mt 28:19 contain the double accusative construction?

Mt 28:16 οἱ δὲ ἕνδεκα μαθηταὶ ἐπορεύθησαν εἰς τὴν Γαλιλαίαν εἰς τὸ ὄρος 
οὗ ἐτάξατο αὐτοῖς ὁ Ἰησοῦς 17  καὶ ἰδόντες αὐτὸν προσεκύνησαν οἱ δὲ 
ἐδίστασαν 18  καὶ προσελθὼν ὁ Ἰησοῦς ἐλάλησεν αὐτοῖς λέγων ἐδόθη μοι 
πᾶσα ἐξουσία ἐν οὐρανῷ καὶ ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς 19  πορευθέντες οὖν μαθητεύσατε 
πάντα τὰ ἔθνη βαπτίζοντες αὐτοὺς εἰς τὸ ὄνομα τοῦ πατρὸς καὶ τοῦ υἱοῦ 
καὶ τοῦ ἁγίου πνεύματος 20  διδάσκοντες αὐτοὺς τηρεῖν πάντα ὅσα 
ἐνετειλάμην ὑμῖν καὶ ἰδοὺ ἐγὼ μεθ' ὑμῶν εἰμι πάσας τὰς ἡμέρας ἕως τῆς 
συντελείας τοῦ αἰῶνος
 
Mt 28:16 hOI DE hENDEKA MAQHTAI EPOREUQHSAN EIS THN GALILAIAN EIS TO 
OROS hOU ETAXATO AUTOIS hO IHSOUS 17  KAI IDONTES AUTON PROSEKUNHSAN hOI 
DE EDISTASAN 18  KAI PROSELQWN hO IHSOUS ELALHSEN AUTOIS LEGWN EDOQH MOI 
PASA EXOUSIA EN OURANWi KAI EPI THS GHS 19  POREUQENTES OUN MAQHTEUSATE 
PANTA TA EQNH BAPTIZONTES AUTOUS EIS TO ONOMA TOU PATROS KAI TOU hUIOU 
KAI TOU hAGIOU PNEUMATOS 20  DIDASKONTES AUTOUS THREIN PANTA hOSA 
ENETEILAMHN hUMIN KAI IDOU EGW MEQ hUMWN EIMI PASAS TAS hHMERAS hEWS THS 
SUNTELEIAS TOU AIWNOS
 
The double accusative in v. 16  ... EIS THN GALILAIAN EIS TO OROS OU ...
signals the double accusative in v. 19 ... [EIS TO] AUTOUS EIS TO ONOMA 
TOU ...
and the phrasing of v. 19 lends itself to the double accusative 
construction:
POREUQENTES OUN
MAQHTEUSATE
PANTA TA EQNH BAPTIZONTES
AUTOUS EIS TO ONOMA TOU ...
making the sense of this part of v. 19 to be   
... MAQHTEUSATE
BAPTIZONTES PANTA TA EQNH
[EIS TO] AUTOUS EIS TO ONOMA TOU ...
since MAQHTEUSATE ("be who you are do what you do" aorist) can be 
intransitive and BAPTIZONTES implies TINA EIS (TO) ONOMA TINOS
and AUTOUS are already EIS TO ONOMA TOU ...
as in v. 20 ...  (EGW (MEQ hUMWN) EIMI) ...
and EIS in the first EIS TO is revealed by EIS in AUTOUS EIS TO ONOMA 
TOU ...
and TO in the first EIS TO mingles (crasis) with AUTOUS EIS TO ONOMA TOU ...

Donald D. Dwight
Monterey, California




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