[B-Greek] Galatians 4:9

George F Somsel gfsomsel at yahoo.com
Mon Oct 1 12:16:48 EDT 2007

BDAG # 4.  This verse is specifically cited.

ἄνωθεν [ANWQEN] adv. of place (Trag., Hdt.+; ins, pap, LXX, En; TestSol 12:6 C; JosAs 21:4 [cod. A and Pal. 364]; ApcrEzk [Epiph 70, 10]; Just., Ath.).
① in extension fr. a source that is above, from above (SIG 969, 63; PHib 110, 66; 107; 109; Gen 49:25; Josh 3:16; EpJer 61; En 28:2; TestSol 12:6 C; Philo, Rer. Div. Her. 64; 184, Fug. 138, Somn., 2, 142; Jos., Ant. 3, 158) σχισθῆναι ἀπʼ ἄ. ἕως κάτω [SXISQHNAI AP' A. hEWS KATW] be torn fr. top to bottom Mk 15:38. For this ἄ. ἕως κάτω [A. hEWS KATW] Mt 27:51 (where ἀπʼ [AP'] is added by many witnesses, foll. Mk). ἐκ τῶν ἄ. ὑφαντὸς διʼ ὅλου [EK TWN A. hUFANTOS DI' hOLOU] woven from the top in one piece (i.e. altogether without seam) J 19:23. Esp. from heaven (cp. ἄνω [ANW] 1 and schol. on Pla. 856e of the seer: ἄνωθεν λαμβάνειν τὸ πνεῦμα [ANWQEN LAMBANEIN TO PNEUMA]; Philo, Mos. 2, 69) ἄ. ἐκ τ. οὐρανοῦ [A. EK T. OURANOU] J 3:27 v.l. ὁ ἄ. ἐρχόμενος [hO A. ERXOMENOS] he who comes from heaven (explained in the same vs. by ὁ ἐκ
 τοῦ οὐρανοῦ ἐρχόμενος [hO EK TOU ERXOMENOS]) 3:31. Of the Holy Spirit πνεῦμα ἄ. ἐρχόμενον [PNEUMA A. ERXOMENON] Hm 11:21; also simply τὸ πνεῦμα τὸ ἄ. [TO PNEUMA TO A.] 11:8. ἡ δύναμις ἡ ἄ. ἐρχομένη [hH DUNAMIS hH A. ERXOMENH] 11:20. ἡ σοφία ἄ. κατερχομένη [hH SOFIA A. KAERXOMENH] Js 3:15. Also ἡ ἄ. σοφία [hH A. SOFIA] vs. 17. ἄ. εἶναι [A. EINAI] come from above Hm 9:11; 11:5; Js 1:17. Some would place 2 Cl 14:2 here, but the temporal sense seems more prob., s. 2. ἄ. δεδομένον [A. DEDOMENON] bestowed from above (i.e. by God; cp. Procop. Soph., Ep. 109 θεοῦ ἄ. ἐπινεύοντος) J 19:11. ἄ. γεννᾶσθαι [A. GENNASQAI] be born from above J 3:3, 7 (Epict. 1, 13, 3: all humans are begotten of their ancestor Zeus ἐκ τῶν αὐτῶν σπερμάτων καὶ τῆς αὐτῆς ἄ. καταβολῆς
 [EK TWN AUTWN SPERMATWN KAI THS AUTHS A. KATABOLHS]; Just., D. 63, 3), but. s. 4 on the wordplay in these verses (Nicodemus thinks of physical rebirth [vs. 4], but the narrator shows Jesus with another dimension in mind).
② from a point of time marking the beginning of someth., from the beginning (Hippocr., VM 3; Pla.; Demosth. 44, 69; SIG 1104, 11; POxy 237 VIII, 31; En 98:5; JosAs 21:4 cod. A [p. 71, 19 Bat.]; Philo, Mos. 2, 48; Ath., R. 68, 19) παρακολουθεῖν ἄ. [PARAKOLOUQEIN A.] follow from the beginning Lk 1:3 (w. suggestion of thoroughness rather than temporal precision: LAlexander, The Preface to Luke’s Gospel, ’93, 130); cp. Ac 26:5 and s. 3. Opp. νῦν [NUN] 2 Cl 14:2 (Lghtf.).
③ for a relatively long period in the past, for a long time (SIG 685, 81 and 91; 748, 2; PTebt 59, 7 and 10; Jos., Ant. 15, 250; Just. [throughout]; Ath.) προγινώσκειν ἄ. [PROGINWSKEIN A.] know for a long time Ac 26:5 (Ael. Aristid. 50, 78 K.=26 p. 525 D. ἄ. Ἀριστείδην γιγνώσκω [A. ARISTEIDHN GIGNWSKW]) beside ἀπʼ ἀρχῆς [AP' ARXHS] vs. 4 (cp. Aelian NA 17, 40 οὐκ ἄνωθεν, οὐδὲ ἐξ ἀρχῆς [OUK ANWQEN, OUDE EC ARXHS]=not for a long time nor from of old). For Lk 1:3 s. 2.
④ at a subsequent point of time involving repetition, again, anew (Pla., Ep. 2 p. 310e ἄ. ἀρξάμενος [A. ARCAMENOS]; Epict. 2, 17, 27; Jos., Ant. 1, 263; IG VII, 2712, 59; BGU 595, 5ff) ἄ. ἐπιδεικνύναι [A. EPIDEIKNUNAI] MPol 1:1. Oft. strengthened by πάλιν [PALIN] (CIG 1625, 60; Wsd 19:6) Gal 4:9.—ἀ. γεννηθῆναι [A. GENNHQHNAI] be born again J 3:3, 7 (ἄ. γεννᾶσθαι [A. GENNASQAI] in the physical sense Artem. 1, 13) is designedly ambiguous and suggests also a transcendent experience born from above (s. 1 above on these pass. fr. J). JLouw, NThSt 23, ’40, 53–56; ESjöberg, Wiedergeburt u. Neuschöpfung im paläst. Judentum: Studia Theologica 4, ’51, 44–85.—DELG s.v. ἀνά [ANA]. M-M.

Arndt, W., Danker, F. W., & Bauer, W. (2000). A Greek-English lexicon of the New Testament and other early Christian literature. (3rd ed.) (92). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Therefore, O faithful Christian, search for truth, hear truth, 
learn truth, love truth, speak the truth, hold the truth, 
defend the truth till death.
- Jan Hus

----- Original Message ----
From: Stephen Walch <swalchy at thewaytoyahuweh.com>
To: b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org
Sent: Monday, October 1, 2007 11:27:15 AM
Subject: [B-Greek] Galatians 4:9

νῦν δὲ γνόντες θεόν, μᾶλλον δὲ γνωσθέντες ὑπὸ θεοῦ, πῶς ἐπιστρέφετε πάλιν ἐπὶ τὰ ἀσθενῆ καὶ πτωχὰ στοιχεῖα οἷς πάλιν ἄνωθεν δουλεύειν θέλετε


How does one understand Paul’s usage of the word ἄνωθεν (ANQEN) in this verse? Is Paul just strengthening the usage of πάλιν (PALIN)?

Stephen Walch
B-Greek home page: http://www.ibiblio.org/bgreek
B-Greek mailing list
B-Greek at lists.ibiblio.org

Luggage? GPS? Comic books? 
Check out fitting gifts for grads at Yahoo! Search

More information about the B-Greek mailing list