[B-Greek] Attributive and Predicate Adjectives
iver_larsen at sil.org
Mon Jul 30 13:24:07 EDT 2007
----- Original Message -----
> On Jul 30, 2007, at 1:44 AM, Iver Larsen wrote:
>> MAKARIOS ANHR ... means "(a) man is blessed ...", but ANHR MAKARIOS is
>> "a blessed man".
> I would question that differentiation as having any strict universal
> validity-- at least in a situation where those are the only two words in
> an expresssion. But I also wouldn't expect to see such a phrase commonly
> in isolation from a context; it is the sort of a phrase that one is most
> likely to find in a grammar book -- especially one not written by a
Yes, I did not intend to suggest that any of these would occur without
context, nor that they would have *strict* universal validity. The dots in
the first one were intended to remind those who remember it of a recent
thread where a complicated sentence started like that.
The forms were given to show that the default is for the predicate to come
first in a sentence and the modifier to follow the head noun. But such
orders are only default and can be changed, depending on the particular
writer or by a wish to indicate a specific emphasis. So, we agree that the
determining factor is the analysis of the complete sentence.
>> If there is no definite article involved we sometimes need to
>> look at the whole sentence to see whether an adjective is used as a
>> predicate or as an attribute/noun modifier. Concerning the difference of
>> meaning (if any) between an attributive adjective occurring before or
>> the noun it modifies there is no simple answer. It partly depends on the
>> style and preference of the particular writer.
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