[B-Greek] Hebrews 3:16 - prove it's a question
rob at designceramics.co.uk
Thu Jul 26 18:21:48 EDT 2007
Your tone suggests that you have already made up your mind. I would certainly dispute that seeing a question phrased in the verse causes a contradiction. Verses 8 and 15 appear to quote Psalm 95:7,8. See Ex 17:2. This is not the rebellion of Korah reported in Num 16. Furthermore see Num 14:2,29,30. So there no grounds for objecting that question causes contradiction.
You may consider it a "pathetic proof" but Hebrews 3:16 begins with an Interrogative pronoun TINES. This here signals a rhetorical question. ALLA adds force to the answer.
In Hebrews 3:16 the Greek text says:
tines gar akousanten parepikranan all' ou pantes oi exelqontes ex aiguptou dia mwsews (some texts have mwusews)
So, all the texts have the same words. There is no variant, other than a slight difference on the spelling of Moses' name, which is inconsequential.
Now, the modern translations all say something like "Who having heard provoked? Wasn't it everyone who came out of Egypt by Moses?"
But all the older translations, reformation era, say essentially "For some having heard provoked, but not all who came out of Egypt by Moses."
All the older Greek editors punctuated their texts like "tines gar akousanten parepikranan, all' ou pantes oi exelqontes ex aiguptou dia mwsews." as a statement. But the modern editors punctuate "tines gar akousanten parepikranan? all' ou pantes oi exelqontes ex aiguptou dia mwusews?" as two questions.
Now, it is clear that rendering this as a question creates a contradiction. Anyone who has ever read the Old Testament knows that everyone who came out of Egypt by Moses did not provoke in the provocation referred to in verse 15, which was the rebellion of Korah. Furthermore, anyone with common sense can tell that in the next verse (verse 17) not everyone who came out of Egypt by Moses had their carcass fall in the wilderness. That being the case, common sense would dictate that this verse 16 is a statement, not a question, and as whether it is a statement or question is determined by context, context forces us to render it as a statement.
It is apparent, therefore, that those who render it as a question do so on purpose to create a contradiction where there is none -- this is clearly a statement not a question. I would like to see, therefore, whatever weak and pathetic proofs the proponents of the question rendering may think they have.
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